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Physical Functions, Health-Related Outcomes, Nutritional Status, and Blood Markers in Community-Dwelling Cancer Survivors Aged 75 Years and Older

  • Ihira, Hikaru (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Mizumoto, Atsushi (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Makino, Keitarou (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Yasuda, Keisuke (Department of Rehabilitation, Obihiro-Kosei General Hospital) ;
  • Miyabe, Yoko (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Saitoh, Shigeyuki (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Ohnishi, Hirofumi (Department of Public Health, Sapporo Medical University) ;
  • Furuna, Taketo (Department of School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University)
  • Published : 2014.04.01

Abstract

Background: A cancer survivor is defined as anyone who has been diagnosed with cancer, from the time of diagnosis through the rest of their life. The purpose of this study was to examine whether physical functions, health-related outcomes, nutritional status and blood markers in community-dwelling cancer survivors aged 75 years and older are different from those who do not have cancer Materials and Methods: Two hundred seventy-five participants were asked by physicians, nurses, and physical therapists, questions regarding cancer history in a face-to-face interview. Data were collected for demographic information, physical functions, such as handgrip strength, knee extension power, abdominal muscle strength, static standing balance, walking speed and the timed-up-and-go test, health-related outcomes, nutritional status, and blood markers. The measured parameters of survivor diagnosed with cancer were compared with those without a history of cancer. Results: Thirty-seven older adults were previously diagnosed with cancer. Female cancer survivors had lower knee extension power (p<0.05), abdominal muscle strength (p<0.05), walking speed (p<0.05), timed-up-and-go test score (p<0.05), and time to spend on walking per day (p<0.05) than older women without a history of cancer. In men, none of the measured parameters were significantly different between cancer survivors and older men with no history of cancer. Conclusions: The present study shows that partial physical function of women cancer survivors aged 75 years and older differs from that in women with no history of cancer.

Keywords

Cancer survivor;health-related quality of life;older women;physical function

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