Effectiveness of Online Education in Teaching Breast Self-Examination

  • Tuna, Arzu (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Avdal, Elif Unsal (Faculty of Health Science Izmir Katip Celebi University) ;
  • Yucel, Sebnem Cinar (Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ege University) ;
  • Dal, Nursel Alp (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Dicle, Aklime (Faculty of Health Science, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University) ;
  • Ozkan, Arife (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Sezgin, Handan (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Gumus, Aysun Babacan (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Turgay, Ayse San (School of Health, Onsekiz Mart University) ;
  • Degirmenci, Mustafa (Department of Medical Oncology, Izmir Tepecik Researc Hospital)
  • Published : 2014.04.01


Background: This research evaluated the effectiveness of an online education model in teaching breast self-examination to university staff and students. Materials and Methods: 1,679 women participated in a breast self-examination online training program. Breast self-examination knowledge evaluation forms developed by Maurer (1997) were used in the research and were evaluated on a 100 point scale. Paired t-test and McNemar's Test statistics were employed. Results: The participants scored an average of 46.5 (14.0%) on knowledge on breast self-examination before training, but 77.4 (11.0%) one month after education and 76.7 (9.52%) after six months. There was a clear significant difference between these knowledge levels (p<0.05). Similarly, while the rate for systematic practice of breast self-examination among women was 30.8% before training it increased to 47.8% afterwards. Again the difference was significant (p<0.05). Conclusions: Online education is an effective method for teaching breast self-examination to women.


Breast self-examination;online education program;women;university environment;Turkey


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