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Differencies in the Level of Knowledge on Cervical Cancer among Health Care Students, Midwives and Patients in Serbia

  • Antic, Ljiljana Gojko (Department for Medical Nurses-Midwives, College of Health Studies in Cuprija) ;
  • Djikanovic, Bosiljka Svetozar (Institute for Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade) ;
  • Antic, Dragan Zivojin (Department for Medical Nurses-Midwives, College of Health Studies in Cuprija) ;
  • Aleksopulos, Hristos Georgios (Department for Medical Nurses-Midwives, College of Health Studies in Cuprija) ;
  • Trajkovic, Goran Zivojin (Institute for Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade)
  • Published : 2014.04.01

Abstract

Background: Level of midwife knowledge is particularly important because of their role in the cervical cancer prevention programme. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the level of knowledge among health care students, midwives and women in the general population of Serbia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional approach was used with health care students of the medical shool, midwives in their practice, and women visiting a chosen general practitioner as respondents. Results: In comparison with the students and midwives, women had lower level of knowledge of causative agents of the cervical cancer, genital warts, HPV types, screening for cervical cancer as well as about the target population for vaccine and its role. Differences in the numbers of right answers of respondents were statistically significant (p<0.001). Four or more correct answers were obtained from 22.7% women, 35.3% from midwives and 83.8% from students. Conclusions: Midwives should improve their own level of knowledge related to preventive practice for cervical cancer, as well as their personal compliance with recommended practices, in order to be qualified and credible promoters of cervical cancer control among women in Serbia.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;knowledge;Pap test;HPV vaccine;health care students;midwives;women

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