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Depression and Suicide Ideas of Cancer Patients and Influencing Factors in South Korea

  • Lee, Su Jin (National Cancer Center in Korea) ;
  • Park, Jong Hyock (National Cancer Center in Korea) ;
  • Park, Bo Young (National Cancer Center in Korea) ;
  • Kim, So Young (National Cancer Center in Korea) ;
  • Lee, Il Hak (Graduate School of Public Health Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Jong Heun (National Cancer Center in Korea) ;
  • Koh, Dai Ha (Preventive Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Hoon (Office of Public Health, Department of Cancer Management, Pusan National University Hospital) ;
  • Park, Jae Hyun (Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Sung Kyun Kwan University College of Medicine) ;
  • Sohn, Myong Sei (Graduate School of Public Health Yonsei University)
  • Published : 2014.04.01

Abstract

Background: This study compared risk factors for depression and suicidal ideas among cancer patients for comparison with the general population, and identified influencing factors. Materials and Methods: We analyzed data from 2,472 cancer patients in the National Cancer Center and nine Regional Cancer Centers and frequency-matched data for age and sex from 2,349 members of the general population who completed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2008. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors affecting depression and suicidal ideas. Results: Cancer patients were not likely to have more depression (OR=0.96, 95%CI=0.79-1.18) and were less likely to have suicidal ideas (OR=0.64, 95%CI=0.53-0.79) compared to the general population. Female sex, more stress, and lower quality of life were influencing factors. The additional risk factors for suicidal ideas among cancer patients included income (OR=0.62, 95%CI=0.43-0.91), smoking (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.06-2.50), recurrence (OR=1.50, 95%CI=1.15-1.95), and chemotherapy (OR=1.66, 95%CI=1.26-2.19). Conclusions: No differences appeared in depression rates between cancer patients and the general population, and cancer patients were less likely to have suicidal ideas. However, cancer patients were likely to have more risk factors than the general population, and those classified as being at high risk of suicide should receive distress management and social economic support, from early in the treatment process.

Keywords

Cancer patients;depression;distress management;social economic support;suicidal ideas;Korea

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Cancer Center in Korea

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