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The Correlation between Cognition, Depression and Leisure Activity of Elderly People

65세 이상 노인의 인지기능, 우울 및 여가활동 간의 관련성

  • Received : 2013.11.08
  • Accepted : 2014.02.07
  • Published : 2014.03.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between cognition, depression and leisure activity in elderly people above 65 years of age, and to improve their health and quality of life by providing baseline data for occupational therapy intervention. This investigation was performed on 118 elderly people above 65 years of age who lived in local community and two senior welfare centers. In order to collect the data, we used MMSE-K, KDS, Questionnaire for leisure activity. The depression of elderly people was negatively correlated with their cognition(p<.01) and leisure activity(p<.001), whereas cognition was positively correlated with their leisure activity(p<.01). In conclusion, the correlation between cognition, depression and leisure activity of elderly people appeared statistically significant. Therefore, leisure activity program should be designed through additional research and effectively provided in nursing home and community senior welfare center to prevent depression increase and cognitive decline.

Keywords

Elderly Person;Cognition;Depression;Leisure Activity

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