A Systematic Review of Clinical Nurses' Patient Safety Culture for Improving Nursing Work Environment

간호사의 근로환경 개선을 위한 환자안전문화의 체계적 문헌 분석

  • Received : 2013.11.04
  • Accepted : 2014.01.15
  • Published : 2014.05.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the articles and theses on the patient safety culture of clinical nurses for identifying overall research trends regarding patient safety culture among hospital nurses, and to suggest strategies for improving nursing work environment related to patient safety culture. Methods: The subjects for this study were 17 articles selected according to inclusion criteria from five databases in Korea. Results: Seven articles were collected from nursing journals and ten from master's theses. The studies on the 17 articles were conducted at 66 hospitals from seven regions of Korea. The tools for patient safety culture were selected among the three tools from AHRQ and two Korean translation tools. The mean score of patient safety culture was 3.43. Conclusion: The findings from the article review indicate that, in order to improve nursing work environment for patient safety culture, the hospital and nursing manager should emphasize the education for patient safety, communication and open-minded reporting, and cooperation among the departments of hospital.


Patient safety;Environment;Nurses;Hospital;Review literature as topic


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