DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Association of Self-esteem and Social support with Depressive symptoms in College Students

일부 대학생들의 자아존중감 및 사회적 지지와 우울과의 관련성

  • Received : 2014.01.14
  • Accepted : 2014.05.08
  • Published : 2014.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate self-esteem, social support and depressive symptoms among college students, as well as to reveal its related factors. The self-administered questionnaire was filled out by 471 students from university located in Daejon city and Chungnam during two weeks from April 23, 2013. As a results, lower the self-esteem is, the depression level comes out to be higher. Also weaker social support is the factor to give rise to depression. Self-esteem and social support showed negative correlation with depression. Social support showed positive correlation with self-esteem. According to hierarchical multiple regression analysis, following factors influence depression level with explanatory powers of 23.8%: sex, age, stress for body shape, perceived economical status, studying time, self-esteem, and social support. In the conclusion, this result imply that depression level of college students is closely related to self-esteem and social support. Especially, social support showed higher correlation with depression.

Keywords

College student;Self-esteem;Social support;Depressive symptom

References

  1. Jang MH, Won JS. Association of Anger and Anger Expression, Social Support, Self-Esteem, and Depression in Elderly, J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs, 18(3): 259-268, 2009.
  2. Radloff LS. The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1977; 1(3): 385-401 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014662167700100306 https://doi.org/10.1177/014662167700100306
  3. Park SM. The Effect of Middle-Aged Women's Social Support, Life Stresses and Self-Esteem on Depression. Graduate School of Dong-A University, Master's Thesis, 2009.
  4. Lim JS, Jang SY, Jang HJ, Jeong JY, Kang KH. A Study on stress and TMD factor of university student. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 2(4):39-45, 2011.
  5. Hwang HJ, Lee MS, Hong JY. Related factors with the depression in the rural people. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 2(1):21-29, 2011.
  6. Lee SJ. A Study on Effect of Self-Esteem, Stress and Social Support on Depression of Housewives, Graduate School of Wonkwang University, Master's Thesis, 2012.
  7. Lee OH, The Influence of Life Stress, Ego-Resilience and Social Support on Psychological Well-Being among College Students, Korea Youth Research Association, 19(1): 29-57, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1223 https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1223
  8. Lee JS, Lee SY, Rho JO, The Effect of Body Weight Status, Perception of Body Shape and Satisfation of Body Shape on Obesity Stress, Self-esteem among Male and Female Middle School Students, Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 21(6): 1223-1234, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1223
  9. Ha JY. Impact of Self-esteem, Family Function and Social Support on Stress in Undergraduate Students, J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs, 17(2): 259-266, 2010.
  10. Kim JY, Kim JG. Psycho-social predicting factors Model of Postpartum Depression, The Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 13(1): 111-140, 2008. https://doi.org/10.17315/kjhp.2008.13.1.007
  11. Cho GH, Affects of Self-Esteem, Melancholy, and Social Support on the Thinking of Suicide of the Elderly, Graduate School of Keimyung University, Master's Thesis, 2011.
  12. Min JY. Effects of Perceived Competence and Social Support on Depression of Adolescents: Mediation Effects of Self-Esteem, Graduate School of Anyang University, Doctor's Theses, 2010.
  13. Kim Ma. The Effects of Perceived Social Support and Self-esteem on Depression of Adolescents, Graduate School of Education, YeungNam University, Master's Thesis, 2007.
  14. Yuh JI, Chung MJ. The Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Children's Depressive Symptoms: Examining the Mediating Role of Self-Worth in Path Analysis, Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 47(10): 29-37, 2009.
  15. WHO. The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment. Sydney, Australia, Health Communications Australia Pty Ltd, 2000
  16. Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self image. Princeton, N.J. Princeton University press., 1965
  17. Cutrona CE, Russe DW, The Provision of Social Relationships and adaptation to stress. In W. H. Jones, D. Perlman(Edss), Advances in personal relationship, Greenwich, CI: JAI Press, 1987; 1: 37-67
  18. Kim GS, Jeon YS, Lee CW. The Influence of Attachment, Differentiation and Self-Esteem on Adolescent Depressions, Journal of Korean Family Therapy, 17(1):209-224, 2009.
  19. Beck AT, Young JE. College Blues, Psychology Today, 1978; 9: 80-92
  20. Kim NE. Factors affecting depression of college freshmen, Mental Health and Social Work, 40(4): 5-26, 2012.
  21. Sim HO. Attributional style and mediators, self-esteem and social support influencing on university students' depression, Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 34:63-74, 1996.
  22. Thoits PA. Conceptual, Methodological, and theoretical problems in studying social support as a buffer against life stress, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 1982; 23: 45-159 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2136511 https://doi.org/10.2307/2136511
  23. Cohen S, Hoberman H. Positive Events and Social Support as Buffer of Life Change Stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1983; 13(2): 99-125 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb02325.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb02325.x
  24. Dimond M, Jones SL. Social Support: A Review and Theoretical Integration. In P. L. Chin(Ed.), Advance in Nursing Theory, 1983; 235-247. Rockville, Md.: Aspen.
  25. Choi BA, Go EY, Lee SY, Seo YS. Maladaptive Perfectionism, Hopelessness, Depression, Psychache, and Suicidal Ideation, Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 23(3): 693-716, 2011.
  26. Han JY, Park K. The mediating Effects of Shame and Cognitive Coping Strategies Between Maladaptive Perfectionism and Depression, Korea Youth Research Association, 18(9): 169-188, 2011.
  27. Kang SH, Moon ES, Cha MY. The Structural Relationships among Life Even Stress, Social Support, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation: A Comparison of Boy and Girl High School Students. The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 25(2):277-293, 2011.
  28. Kim HJ. The effects of Sociocultural Attitude Toward Appearance, Appearance Satisfaction, Body-Image, and Self-Esteem on Interpersonal Relationship Ability of Nursing Students, Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 18(1): 62-70, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2012.18.1.062 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2012.18.1.062
  29. Cha NH, Seo EJ. The Relationship between Anger Expression and Self-esteem in Nursing College Students, J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs, 23(4): 451-459, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.4.451 https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.4.451
  30. Korea National Statistical Office. Korean Statistical Information Service. [cited 2009 October 31]. Available form: URL:http:/www.koss.kr.
  31. National Statistical Office. Korea Statistical Yearbook. The 55th Edition, Daejeon: National Statistical Office; 2008
  32. Yoon MS, Lee HS. The Relationship between Depression, Job Preparing Stress and Suicidal Ideation Among College Students: Moderating Effect of Problem Drinking, Korea Youth Research Association, 19(3): 109-137, 2012.
  33. Lee JH, Park KS, Kim RB, Chun JH. The Influence of Individual-Level Social Capital on Depression, J Agric Med Community Health, 36(2): 73-86, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.2.073 https://doi.org/10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.2.073
  34. Kim KH, Kim OS. Depression and Drinking Pattern among College Students, Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 12(1): 43-53, 2000.
  35. Lee MH, Nam HS, Sohn SJ, Rhee JA, Kim BW. Assessment of Depression and Relates in College Freshman Students, Journal of Korean Public Health Assocation, 1999; 20(2): 71-84, 1999.
  36. Riolo SA. Nguyen TA, Greden JF, King CA. Prevalence of depression by race/ethnicity: Finding from the national health and nutrition examination survey III. American Journal of Public Health 2005; 95(6): 998-1000 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2004.047225 https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2004.047225
  37. Vrendenburg K. O'Brien E, Krames L, Depression in college students: Personality and experiential factors. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1988; 35: 410-425 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.35.4.410
  38. Yoon MS, Choi JM. The Influence of Parent Attachment on Psychological Well-Being in Early Adolescence: Moderate Effect of Self-Esteem, Korean Association of Youth Welfare, 13(2): 55-78, 2011.

Cited by

  1. Analysis of Convergent Factors Related to Depression among Some College Women of Health Affiliated Educations vol.13, pp.10, 2015, https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2015.13.10.367