Design Ideation and Evaluation Process for E3(Ecology, Ergonomics, Economy)-Friendly Product Development

E3(환경, 사용자, 경제) 친화형 제품 개발을 위한 디자인 아이디어 개발 및 평가 절차

  • Lee, Wonsup (Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, POSTECH) ;
  • Lee, Baekhee (Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, POSTECH) ;
  • Kim, Eunha (Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, POSTECH) ;
  • You, Heecheon (Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, POSTECH)
  • 이원섭 (포항공과대학교 산업경영공학과) ;
  • 이백희 (포항공과대학교 산업경영공학과) ;
  • 김은하 (포항공과대학교 산업경영공학과) ;
  • 유희천 (포항공과대학교 산업경영공학과)
  • Received : 2013.05.19
  • Accepted : 2014.01.24
  • Published : 2014.06.15


Objective : The present study was intended to develop a design ideation and evaluation process for the development of ecology-, ergonomics-, and economy-friendly ($E^3$-friendly) products. Background : Due to increasing social and legal requirements on global sustainability, manufacturing companies have made more efforts ever than before for the development of eco-friendly products. However, most eco-friendly products are often criticized due to lacking ergonomic and/or economic considerations. Method : An $E^3$-friendly product development process consisting of (1) survey of eco-friendly products, (2) characterization of eco-friendly products, (3) design ideation for $E^3$-friendly product, and (4) design idea evaluation for $E^3$-friendliness was established and applied to the development of a novel product which supports drinking of daily recommended amount of water. Results : Fifty-five design characteristics were identified by a survey of forty eco-friendly products and incorporated into the proposed ideation and evaluation process. New ideas and design changes were developed effectively using the proposed development process for a novel $E^3$-friendly bottle for support of water drinking. Conclusion : The proposed process was found effective for the development of eco-friendly design ideas and improvements. Application : The proposed system would be of use to develop better design ideas having market competitiveness.


  1. Choi, Y., Ryu, S., Jung, K., Kwak, W., Ree, J., Nam, T., Chung, S., Lee, Y., Yi, H., and You, H. (2012), Environmental Impact Assessment and Design Suggestions for a Bladeless Fan by Eco Design Process, Proceedings of the 2012 Spring Conference of the Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers.
  2. Han, S. and Song, B. (2011), Environmental effects evaluation application for the eco-friendly design development of products -With a focus on a case study of automobile FOG LAMP HOUSING, Journal of Korean Society of Design Science, 24(1), 15-26.
  3. Klopffer, W. and Hischier, R. (2004), Life Cycle Assessment of Fitted Carpets-Part 1 : From the Cradle to the Factory Gate, Critical Review according to ISO 14040.
  4. Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute (2010), Manual for Ecodesign Process by industry.
  5. Lee, B., Heo, J., Lee, J., Kim, J., Jang, P., Yi, H., and You, H. (2012), Eco-Friendly Design for Electrical Small Heater through Life-Cycle Assessment(LCA), Proceedings of the 2012 Spring Conference of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering.
  6. Lee, J., Kwak, W., Kim, J., Park, J., Kwon, R., Jang, P., Seo, E., Song, C., Lee, J., Yi, H., and You, H. (2012), Product Design Improvement Strategies for Environment for Standing Type Electronic Heaters by Life Cycle Assessment, Proceedings of the 2012 Spring Conference of the Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers.
  7. Lee, W., Jung, K., Lee, H., Song, H, Oh, J., and You, H. (2011) Development of a Comprehensive Usability Testing and Analysis Framework for the Physical Interface between Product and User, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 30(2), 331-338.
  8. Luebkeman, C. (2009), Drivers of Change, Prestel.
  9. Schischke, K., Hageluken, M., and Steffenhagen, G. (2005), An Introduction to EcoDesign Strategies-Why, What and How?, Brussels.
  10. Seo, H. (1998), A Study on DFD (design for disassembly) for Environment Friendly Product Development, Hongik University.
  11. You, H., Kim, E., Park, J., Jeon, E., Park, J., Choi, Y., and Lee, W. (2012), Design for Eco Life, Humanopia.