Treatment Characteristics of Trichloroethylene(TCE) by Oxidation and Reduction with Nanoscale Zero-valent Iron

나노영가철의 산화·환원에 의한 트리클로로에틸렌 처리특성

  • Park, Young-Bae (Department of Environmental Engineering, Catholic University) ;
  • Jung, Yong-Jun (Department of Environmental Engineering, Catholic University) ;
  • Choi, Jeong-Hak (Department of Environmental Engineering, Catholic University) ;
  • Moon, Boung-Hyun (Department of Environmental Engineering, Changwon National University)
  • 박영배 (부산가톨릭대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 정용준 (부산가톨릭대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 최정학 (부산가톨릭대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 문병현 (창원대학교 환경공학과)
  • Received : 2014.01.16
  • Accepted : 2014.04.10
  • Published : 2014.05.30


This study examined the treatment characteristics of hard-to-degrade pollutants such as TCE which are found in organic solvent and cleaning wastewater by nZVI that have excellent oxidation and reduction characteristics. In addition, this study tried to find out the degradation characteristics of TCE by Fenton-like process, in which $H_2O_2$ is dosed additionally. In this study, different ratios of nZVI and $H_2O_2$, such as 1.0 mM : 0.5 mM, 1.0 mM : 1.0 mM, and 1.0 mM : 2.0 mM were used. When 1.0 mM of nZVI was dosed with 1.0 mM of $H_2O_2$, the removal efficiency of TOC was the highest and the first order rate constant was also the highest. When 1mM of nZVI was dosed with 0.5 mM of $H_2O_2$, the first order rate constant and removal efficiency were the lowest. The size of first order rate constant and removal efficiency was in the order of nZVI 1.0 mM : $H_2O_2$ 1.0 mM > nZVI 1.0 mM : $H_2O_2$ 2.0 mM > nZVI 1.0 mM : $H_2O_2$ 0.5 mM > $H_2O_2$ 1.0 mM > nZVI 1.0 mM. It is estimated that when 1.0 mM of nZVI is dosed with 1.0 mM of $H_2O_2$, $Fe^{2+}$ ion generated by nZVI and $H_2O_2$ react in the stoichiometric molar ratio of 1:1, thus the first order rate constant and removal efficiency are the highest. And when 1.0 mM of nZVI is dosed with 2.0 mM of $H_2O_2$, excessive $H_2O_2$ work as a scavenger of OH radicals and excessive $H_2O_2$ reduce $Fe^{3+}$ into $Fe^{2+}$. As for the removal efficiency of TOC in TCE by simultaneous dose and sequential dose of nZVI and $H_2O_2$, sequential dose showed higher first order reaction rate and removal efficiency than simultaneous dose. It is estimated that when nZVI is dosed 30 minutes in advance, pre-treatment occurs and nanoscale $Fe^0$ is oxidized to $Fe^{2+}$ and TCE is pre-reduced and becomes easier to degrade. When $H_2O_2$ is dosed at this time, OH radicals are generated and degrade TCE actively.


nZVI(Nano-sized zero-valent iron);TCE;Fenton oxidation


Supported by : 부산가톨릭대학교


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