Preparation of PVC-Al(OH)3 Beads Immobilized Al(OH)3 with PVC and their Adsorption Characteristics for Fluoride Ions from Aqueous Solution

Al(OH)3를 PVC로 고정화한 PVC-Al(OH)3 비드의 제조와 수중의 불소 이온의 흡착 특성

  • You, Hae-Na (Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kam, Sang-Kyu (Department of Environmental Engineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyu (Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 2014.01.16
  • Accepted : 2014.04.09
  • Published : 2014.05.30


In order to remove fluoride ions from aqueous solution, PVC-$Al(OH)_3$ beads were prepared by immobilizing $Al(OH)_3$ with polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The prepared PVC-$Al(OH)_3$ bead was characterized by using SEM, EDS and Zeta potential. Dependences of pH, contact time and initial fluoride concentration on the adsorption of fluoride ions were studied. The optimal pH was in the range of 4~10. The adsorption was rapid during the initial 12 hr, and equilibrium was attained within 72 hr. The adsorption rate of fluoride ions by PVC-$Al(OH)_3$ beads obeyed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained from Langmuir isotherm model was found to be 62.68 mg/g.


  1. Shimelis, B., Feleke Z., Chandravanshi, B. S., 2006, Removal of excess fluoride from water by aluminum hydroxide, Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 20, 17-34.
  2. Swain, S. K., Dey, R. K., Islam, M., Patel, R. K., Jha, U., Patnaik, T., Airoldi, C, 2009, Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using aluminum-impregnated chitosan biopolymer, Sep. Sci. Technol., 44, 2096-2116.
  3. Tor, A., Danaoglu, N., Arslan, G., Cengeloglu, Y., 2009, Removal of fluoride from water by using granular red mud: batch and column studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 164, 271-278.
  4. Xiao, G., Tong, K., Zhou, L., Xiao, J., Sun, S., Li, P., Yu, J., 2012, Adsorption and desorption behavior of lithium ion in spherical PVC-$MnO_2$ ion sieve, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 51, 10921-10929.
  5. Xu, J., Xu, Z. L., 2002, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) hollow fiber ultrafiltration membranes prepared from PVC/additives/solvent, J. Membr. Sci., 208, 203-212.
  6. Zhou, Y., Chunxiang, Y., Yun, S., 2004, Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution on $La^{3+}$-impregnated cross-linked gelatin, Sep. Purif. Technol., 36, 89-94.
  7. Kim, J. H., Park, H. J., Jung, K. H., 2010, Fluoride sorption property of lanthanum hydroxide (in Korean), J. Kor. Environ. Eng., 32, 714-721.
  8. Goswami, A., Purkait, M. K., 2012, The defluoridation of water by acidic alumina, Chem. Eng. Res. Des.., 90, 2316-2324.
  9. Gupta, A. K., Deva, D., Sharma, A., Verma, N., 2009, Adsorptive removal of fluoride by micro-nanohierarchal web of activated carbon fibers, 2009, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 48, 9697-9707.
  10. Kemer, B., Ozdes, D., Gundogdu, A., Bulut, V. N., Duran, C., Soylak, M., 2009, Removal of fluoride ions from aqueous solution by waste mud, J. Hazard. Mater., 168, 888-894.
  11. Lee, M. G., Kam, S. K., Suh, K. H., 2012, Adsorption of non-degradable eosin Y by activated carbon (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci. 21, 623-631.
  12. Leyva-Ramos, R., Ovalle-Turrubiartes, J., Sanchez-Castillo, M. A., 1999, Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution on aluminum-impregnated carbon, Carbon, 37, 609-617.
  13. Ma, X., Li, Y., Li, X., Yang, L., Wang, X., 2011, Preparation of novel polysulfone capsules containing zirconium phosphate and their properties for $Pb^{2+}$ removal from aqueous solution, J. Hazard. Mater., 188, 296-303.
  14. Meenakshi, S., Viswanathan, N., 2007, Identification of selective ion-exchange resin for fluoride sorption, J. Coll. Interf. Sci., 308, 438-450.
  15. Ganvir, V., Das, K., 2011, Removal of fluoride from drinking water using aluminum hydroxide coated rice husk ash, J. Hazard. Mater., 185, 1287-1294.
  16. Alagumuthu, G., Rajan, M., 2010, Equilibrium and kinetics of adsorption of fluoride onto zirconium impregnated cashew nut shell carbon, Chem. Eng. J., 158, 451-457.
  17. Alagumuthu, G., Vellaisamy, V., Ramaswamy V., 2011, Fluoride sorption using cynodon dactylon based activated carbon, Hemijska Industrija, 65, 23-35.
  18. Bhatnagar, A., Kumar, E., Sillanpaa, M., 2011, Fluoride removal from water by adsorption a review, Chem. Eng. J., 171, 811-840.
  19. Eskandarpour, A., Onyango, M. S., Ochieng, A., Asai, S., 2008, Removal of fluoride ions from aqueous solution at low pH using schwertmannite, J. Hazard. Mater., 152, 571-579.

Cited by

  1. Influence of Acid and Heat Treatment on the Removal of Fluoride by Red Mud vol.37, pp.4, 2015,