Characteristics of Metallic and Ionic Concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 in Busan

부산지역 PM10과 PM2.5 중의 금속 농도와 이온농도 특성

  • Jeon, Byung-Il (Department of Environmental Engineering, Silla University) ;
  • Hwang, Yong-Sik (Institute for Environmental Health, Pusan National University)
  • 전병일 (신라대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 황용식 (부산대학교 환경보건연구소)
  • Received : 2014.01.06
  • Accepted : 2014.03.03
  • Published : 2014.05.30


This study analyzes the chemical composition of metallic elements and water-soluble ions in $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$. $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentrations in Busan during 2010-2012 were $97.2{\pm}67.5$ and $67.5{\pm}32.8{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively, and the mean $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ concentration ratio was 0.73. The contribution rate of water-soluble ions to $PM_{10}$ ranged from 29.0% to 58.6%(a mean of 38.6%) and that to $PM_{2.5}$ ranged from 33.9% to 58.4%(a mean of 43.1%). The contribution rate of sea salt to $PM_{10}$ was 13.9% for 2011 and 9.7% for 2012, while that to $PM_{2.5}$ was 17.4% for 2011 and 10.1% for 2012. $PM_{10}$ concentration during Asian dust events was $334.3{\mu}g/m^3$ and $113.3{\mu}g/m^3$ during non-Asian dust events, and the $PM_{10}$ concentration ratio of Asian Dust/Non Asian dust was 2.95. On the other hand, the $PM_{2.5}$ concentration in Asian dust was $157.4{\mu}g/m^3$ and $83.2{\mu}g/m^3$ in Non Asian dust, and the $PM_{2.5}$ concentration ratio of Asian Dust/Non Asian dust was 1.89, which was lower than that of $PM_{10}$.


$PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ concentration;$PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ ratio;Metallic elements;Water-soluble ions;Asian Dust


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