Rechlorination for residual chlorine concentration equalization in distribution system

급배수시스템에서 잔류염소 농도 균등화를 위한 재염소 처리

  • Received : 2014.01.14
  • Accepted : 2014.02.13
  • Published : 2014.02.15


Three water treatment plants(WTPs) in Jeju island whose source water have different characteristics from those of the mainland of Korea were investigated. Coefficients of bulk water decay($k_b$) of free chlorine at $5^{\circ}C$ for ES, GJ, NW WTPs were $-0.003hr^{-1}$, $-0.002hr^{-1}$ and $-0.001hr^{-1}$ respectively based on bottle tests. To simulate the free chlorine variations in the distribution system using EPANET, ES WTP was chosen. Free chlorine concentrations of several sites were less than the drinking water quality standards(i.e., 0.1 mg/L); E5(0.03 mg/L), E6(0.02 mg/L), W21(0.02 mg/L) and W25(0.03 mg/L). To maintain more than 0.1 mg/L of free chlorine in the distribution system, at least 1.9 mg/L of chlorine was needed at the WTP, which suggested rechlorination was needed to supply palatable tap water to customers. Two sites, one that diverged into E5 and E6 in the east-line and another located before E21 in the west-line were selected for the appropriate rechlorination locations. The recommended rechlorination dosages were 0.42 mg/L for the east and 0.27 mg/L for the west. The simulated results indicated that the free chlorine could be reduced to 0.4 mg/L at the WTP with rechlorination, and taps with excessive free chlorine could be more stabilized(i.e., 0.1~0.4 mg/L).


tap water;residual chlorine;distribution system;bulk decay;wall decay


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