DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Newly Recorded Sea Cucumber (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida: Synallactidae) from East Sea, Korea

  • Lee, Taekjun (College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University) ;
  • Kim, Donghwan (Department of Life Science, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Shin, Sook (Department of Life Science, Sahmyook University)
  • Received : 2013.11.12
  • Accepted : 2014.01.22
  • Published : 2014.04.30

Abstract

Five sea cucumbers were collected from Gisamun and Gonghyeonjin of Gangwon-do, in the East Sea, Korea from 27 December 2009 to 14 November 2012. These specimens were classified as Synallactes nozawai Mitsukuri, 1912 belonging to the family Synallactidae of order Aspidochirotida based on morphological characteristics. The family, genus and species are recorded for the first time from Korea. The distinct morphological characteristics of this species are as follows: body flexible, with thin gelatinous body wall; presence of numerous tubercles along dorsal ambulacra table of body wall consisted of three- or four-armed disk and a spire-form pillar. This species usually inhabits the deep sea and is distributed in the Northwest Pacific from northern Japan to Bering Sea.

References

  1. Augustin E, 1908. Beitrage zur Naturgeschichte Ostasiens. Uber japonische Seewalzen. Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften II Supplement, Band, 1:1-44.
  2. Cherbonnier G, 1952. Contribution a la connaissance des holothuries de L'Afrique du Sud. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 33:469-508.
  3. Cherbonnier G, Feral JP, 1981. Echinodermes: Holothuries. Resultats des Campagnes Musorstom. I. Philippines (18-28 Mars 1976). Collection Memoires ORSTOM, 91:357-412.
  4. Deichmann E, 1930. The holothurians of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, 71:43-236.
  5. Ludwig H, 1894. Reports of an exploration off the West Coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross", during 1891, Lieutenant Commander Z.L. Tanner, U.S.N., Commanding. XII. The Holothurioidea. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, at Harvard College, 17:1-183.
  6. Ohshima H, 1915. Report on the Holothurians collected by the United States fisheries Steamer "Albatross" in the Northeastern Pacific during the summer of 1906. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 48:213-291. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.48-2073.213
  7. Massin C, Hendrickx ME, 2010. A new species of deep-water Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) of the genus Synallactes from off western Mexico. Scientia Marina, 74:599-603. https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2010.74n3599
  8. Mitsukuri K, 1912. Studies on actinopodous Holothuroidea. Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, 29:1-284.
  9. Mortensen T, 1927. Handbook of the echinoderms of the British Isles. Oxford University Press, London, pp. 1-471.
  10. Paulay G, Hansson HG, 2013. The world register of marine species (WoRMS) [Internet]. WoRMS, Accessed 27 Oct 2013, .
  11. Pawson DL, 1965. The bathyl holothurians of the New Zealand region. Zoology Publications Victoria University, Wellington, 39:1-33.
  12. Rowe FWE, Gates J, 1995. Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol. 33. Echinodermata. CSIRO Australia, Melbourne, pp. 1-513.
  13. Shin S, 2013. Invertebrate Fauna of Korea. Vol. 32. Sea Cucumbers: Echinodermata: Echinozoa: Holothuroidea. National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, pp. 1-127.
  14. Solis-Marin FA, 2005. Synallactes laguardai, a new species of sea cucumber from South Africa (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Synallactidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 118:570-575. https://doi.org/10.2988/0006-324X(2005)118[570:SLANSO]2.0.CO;2