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The Study on Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of Bangladeshi Migrant Workers in South Korea

한국의 방글라데시 이주 노동자의 직업만족도와 삶만족도 사이의 관계에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2014.03.05
  • Accepted : 2014.04.09
  • Published : 2014.04.30

Abstract

2012년 통계청 자료에 의하면 한국에 체류하는 외국인은 약 160만명이고, 그 중 방글라데시 노동자는 약 4.7%(한국고용정보원, EPS, 2012)라고 한다. 본 논문의 연구를 위하여 김해(100명), 마산(60명), 인천(40명)에 거주하고 있는 방글라데시 이주 노동자 약 200명에 대하여 설문조사를 실시하였다. 이 연구의 목적은 그들의 직업만족도와 삶의 만족도 사이에는 어떤 관련성이 있는지, 그들의 한국에서의 삶의 만족도를 높이기 위한 방안은 무엇인지에 대하여 알아보고자 하는 것이다. 연구 결과 직업 만족도의 ${\alpha}$ 값은 0.71, 삶의 만족도에 대한 ${\alpha}$ 값은 0.72 이었다. 직업만족도에 대한 설문은 Paul E. Spector(1985)가 고안한 것을 사용하였으며, 삶의 만족도에 대한 설문은 Thomas M. Krapu외 4인이 연구한 것을 사용하였다. 연구 결과 방글라데시 이주 노동자의 직업만족도와 삶의 만족도 사이에는 강한 관련성이 있으며, 그들이 느끼는 삶의 만족도는 매우 낮았다. 이를 높이기 위해서는 정부와 시민단체들의 적극적인 지원이 필요하다고 분석되었다.

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