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Equivalent Plastic Hinge Length Model for Flexure-Governed RC Shear Walls

휨 항복형 철근콘크리트 전단벽의 등가소성힌지길이 모델

  • 문주현 (경기대학교 일반대학원 건축공학과) ;
  • 양근혁 (경기대학교 플랜트.건축공학과)
  • Received : 2013.12.17
  • Accepted : 2014.01.18
  • Published : 2014.03.30

Abstract

The present study proposes a simple equation to straightforwardly determine the potential plastic hinge length in boundary element of reinforced concrete shear walls. From the idealized curvature distribution along the shear wall length, a basic formula was derived as a function of yielding moment, maximum moment, and additional moment owing to diagonal tensile crack. Yielding moment and maximum moment capacities of shear wall were calculated on the basis of compatability of strain and equilibrium equation of internal forces. The development of a diagonal tensile crack at web was examined from the shear transfer capacity of concrete specified in ACI 318-11 provision and then the additional moment was calculated using the truss mechanism along the crack proposed by Park and Paulay. The moment capacities were simplified from an extensive parametric study; as a result, the equivalent plastic hinge length of shear walls could be formulated using indices of longitudinal tensile reinforcement at the boundary element, vertical reinforcement at web, and applied axial load. The proposed equation predicted accurately the measured plastic hinge length, providing that the mean and standard deviation of ratios between predictions and experiments are 1.019 and 0.102, respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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