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Comparison of Perceived Nurses' Cultural Competence of Nurses and Foreign Patients

간호사의 문화적 역량에 대한 외국인 환자와 병원 간호사의 인식 비교

  • Lee, Ja-yin (Department of Nursing, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Hyeonkyeong (College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Sue (College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University) ;
  • Jang, Yeonsoo (College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University)
  • 이자인 (인제대학교 해운대백병원) ;
  • 이현경 (연세대학교 간호대학, 간호정책연구소) ;
  • 김수 (연세대학교 간호대학, 간호정책연구소) ;
  • 장연수 (연세대학교 간호대학, 간호정책연구소)
  • Received : 2014.08.21
  • Accepted : 2014.10.20
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the differences in Korean nurses' cultural competence perceived by nurses and foreign patients in a general hospital. Methods: The study participants were recruited from outpatient clinics and wards in H General Hospital located in Busan. Cultural competence was measured by the Cultural Competence Scale for Korean Nurses, consisting of 4 subscales: cultural perception, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity, and cultural skills. Data were collected from March 31 to April 30, 2014 by distributing and collecting a self-administrated questionnaire set. Data of the 90 foreign patients and 90 nurses were analyzed using PASW statistics 18.0 for independent t-test and ANOVA. Results: The level of cultural competence of Korean nurses perceived by foreign patients was significantly higher than that of nurses. On the cultural awareness dimension, nurses rated themselves more highly than foreign patients did while ratings on the dimensions of cultural knowledge and cultural skill were the opposite. Conclusion: This study indicates that there was a statistically significant difference in the perception of nurses' cultural competence between nurses and foreign patients. The findings can be used for developing education programs to enhance nurses' cultural competence, integrating the perspectives of foreign patients.