Eight new records of monogonont and bdelloid rotifers from Korea

  • Song, Min Ok (Department of Biology, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • Received : 2013.12.02
  • Accepted : 2014.01.21
  • Published : 2014.02.28


The rotifers collected from a brackish water zone as well as various terrestrial habitats such as mosses, ichens, and leaf litter at seven different locations in Korea were investigated. Eight species/subspecies belonging to five genera in five families of monogonont and bdelloid rotifers new to Korea were identified: Encentrum incisum, Encentrum uncinatum, Cephalodella innesi, Adineta gracilis, Macrotrachella timida timida, Macrotrachella timida inquies, Habrotrocha pavida and Habrotrocha scabropyga. Five bdelloids are new to Asia as well. Notably, these eight Korean new records included three rare species. H. scabropyga is recorded outside its type locality for the first time. For M. timida timida, this study is the third record after its description. In addition, E. incisum has been reported only from Austria, Germany and Russia before the present study.


Supported by : National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR)


  1. Bartos, E. 1951. The Czechoslovak Rotatoria of the order Bdelloidea. Vestnik csl. zool. spol. 15:241-500.
  2. Bartos, E. 1959. Virnici-Rotatoria. Fauna CSR 15:1-969.
  3. Bryce, D. 1915. On five species of genus Habrotrocha. J. Quekett Microsc. Club ser. 2, 12:631-642.
  4. Chittapun, S., P. Pholpunthin and H. Segers. 1999. Rotifera from peat-swamps in Phuket province, Thailand, with the description of a new Colurella Bory de St. Vincent. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 84(6):587-593.
  5. Donner, J. 1950. Rotatorien der Humusboden. Hullen und Gehause bei bdelloiden Radertieren, besonders bei Bodenbewohnern. Osterr. Zool. Zeitschr., Wien, II, 4:287-335.
  6. De Manuel, J., J. LL. Pretus and D. Jaume. 1992. Rotifers from the Balearic archipelago. Hydrobiologia 239:33-41.
  7. De Smet, W.H. 1995. Description of Encentrum dieteri sp. nov. (Rotifera, Dicranophoridae) form the High Arctic, with redescription of E. bidentatum (Lie-Pettersen, 1906) and E. murrayi Bryce, 1922. Belg. J. Zool. 125(2):349-361.
  8. De Smet, W.H. 1997. Dicranophoridae. In: Rotifera. Volume 5: The Dicranophoridae and the Ituridae (Monogononta). Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. 5. pp. 1-325, 341-344.
  9. Donner, J. 1954. Zur Rotatorienfauna Sudmahrens. Osterr. Zool. Zeitschr., V, 1/2:30-117.
  10. Donner, J. 1964. Die Rotatorien-Synusien submerser Makrophyten der Donau bei Wien und mehrere Alpenbache. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl., 27, 1(3):227-324.
  11. Donner, J. 1965. Ordnung Bdelloidea. Bestimmungsbucher zur Bodenfauna Europas 6:1-267. Akademie Verlag, Berlin.
  12. Donner, J. 1970, Die Radertierbestande submerser Moose der Salzach und anderer Wasser-Biotope des Flussgebietes. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl., 36 2/3:109-254.
  13. Donner, J. 1972. Die Radertierbestande submerser Moose und weiterer Merotope im Bereich der Stauraume der Donau an der deutsch-osterreichischen Landesgrenze. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl., 44(1):49-114.
  14. Donner, J. 1980. Einige neue Forschungen uber bdelloide Rotatorien, besonders in Boden. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol., 17(1): 125-143.
  15. Harring, H.K. and F.J. Myers. 1924. The rotifer fauna of Wisconsin. II. A revision of the notommatid rotifers, exclusive of the Dicranophorinae. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci. Letters 21:416-549.
  16. Janson, O. 1893. Versuch einer Ubersicht uber die Rotatorien-Familie der Philodinaeen. Suppl. zum 12. Bd. der Abhandl des Naturwiss. Ver. zu Bremen. pp. 1-85.
  17. Jersabek, C.D. 1998. Dicranophoridae (Rotifera) from the Alps. Hydrobiologia 387/388:63-77.
  18. Milne, W. 1886. On the defectiveness of the eye-spot as a means of generic distinction in the Philodinaea, with a description of two other Rotifera. Proceedings of the Philosophical Society of Glasgow. 17. p.141, pl.2, figs.5,10.
  19. Jersabek, C.D. and M.F. Leitner. 2013. The Rotifer World Catalog. World Wide Web electronic publication [Available from:, accessed 21 Jan. 2014].
  20. Koste, W. 1978. Die Radertiere Mitteleuropas. Uberordnung Monogononta. Begrundet von M. Voigt. I. Textbd. VIII +673pp.; II. Tafelbd. II+476pp. mit 234 Tafeln, Stuttgart.
  21. Melone, G. and C. Ricci. 1995. An uncommon bdelloid rotifer: Abrotrocha intermedia (de Beauchamp, 1909). Boll. Zool. 62:29-34.
  22. Milne, W. 1916. On the bdelloid Rotifera of South Africa. Part II, J. Quekett Micr. Club, ser. 2, 13:149-184.
  23. Montet, G. 1915. Contribution a l'etude des Rotateurs du bassin du Leman. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 23.
  24. Nogrady, T. and R. Pourriot. 1995. Family Notommatidae. In: Rotifera. Volume 3: The Notommatidae and the Scaridiidae. Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. 8. pp. 1-229, 239-248.
  25. Nogrady, T., R.L. Wallace and T.W. Snell. 1993. Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. 4. Rotifera. Vol. 1: Biology, ecology and systematic. SPB Academic Publishing bv vii+142 pp.
  26. Pennak, R.W. 1978. Freshwater invertebrates of the United States. 2nd Ed. J. Wiley and Sons, New York. 803 pp.
  27. Ricci, C.N. 1987. Ecology of bdelloids: how to be successful. Hydrobiologia 147:117-127.
  28. Song, M.O. and D.-H. Jin. 2000. Rotifer fauna of natal streams of chum salmon (Oshipcheon). J. Fish. Sci. Tech. 3(2):71-77.
  29. Segers, H. 2007. Annotated checklist of the rotifers (Phylum Rotifera) with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy and distribution. Zootaxa 1564:1-104.
  30. Song, M.O. 1999. Systematic study on Korean bdelloid Rotifera. Ph.D. thesis, SNU iii+200 pp.
  31. Song, M.O. and W. Kim. 2000. Bdelloid rotifers from Korea. Hydrobiologia 439:91-101.
  32. Stemberger, R.S. 1979. A guide to rotifers of the Laurentian Great Lakes. US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio. 185 pp.
  33. The Korean Society of Systematic Zoology, 1997. List of animals in Korea (excluding insects). Academy Press. 489pp. (in Korean).
  34. Zhuge, Y., X. Huang and W. Koste. 1998. Rotifera recorded from China, 1893-1997, with remarks on their composition and distribution. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 83(3):217-232.