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Insecticidal Activities of Tussilago farfara Extracts against Culex pipiens pallens and Tetranychus urticae

빨간집모기와 점박이응애에 대한 관동화(Tussilago farfara) 추출물의 살충효과

  • Park, Sung Ho (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Hyun-Woo (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Kwon, Hye-Ri (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Seo, Mi-Ja (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Youn, Young-Nam (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University)
  • 박성호 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 오현우 (한국생명공학연구원) ;
  • 권혜리 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 서미자 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 유용만 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 윤영남 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과)
  • Received : 2014.05.29
  • Accepted : 2014.06.30
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

Aspiring to the new raw materials of insecticides is one of the plant extracts. The material structure of a variety of plant extracts have because the material to the defense of the plant itself, the case of insecticides, using plant extracts, safe, has low toxicity and has the advantage of highly distinctive and fall. Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara L.) is belonging to the family Compositae, and distributed in all parts of China as medicinal plants and indigenous plants used. Coltsfoot is known that it is effect to respiratory disease and has an antiviral effect. However, the reported insecticidal activity of coltsfoot could be not found. Fortunately, I found insecticidal activities when I was screening the bioassay against several insects with a lot of plant extracts. Using the ethanol extract of the Tussilago farfara, there were insecticidal activities against Culex pipiens pallens and Tetranychus urticae. There were several fractions in ethanol extract of coltsfoot by using various organic solvents. Hexane fraction showed a higher insecticidal activity than any other fraction. It is confirmed that hexane fraction contained pyrethrin by using HPLC analysis. So, it might be suggested that extract of coltsfoot has an insecticidal activity and its effect due to a ingredient of pyrethrin.

Keywords

Tussilago farfara;insecticidal activity;Culex pipiens pallens;Tetranychus urticae

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