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Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Barodon, an Anionic Alkali Mineral Complex, on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization, Innate Immunity, Goblet Cell and Digestibility in Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

  • Shin, Chang-Hoon (Department of Animal Life system, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cha, Ji-Hoon (Department of Marine Life Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Rahimnejad, Samad (Department of Marine Life Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Jeong, Joon-Bum (Department of Aquatic Biomedical Science, Jeju National University) ;
  • Yoo, Byung-Woo (Cargill Agri Purina Inc, Seongnam) ;
  • Lee, Bo-Kyeun (Cargill Agri Purina Inc, Seongnam) ;
  • Ahn, Hyung-Jin (Cargill Agri Purina Inc, Seongnam) ;
  • Choi, Soo-Il (Barodon - S.F. Corp.) ;
  • Choi, Yun-Jeong (Barodon - S.F. Corp.) ;
  • Park, Yong-Ho (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Dae (Department of Animal Life system, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyeong-Jun (Department of Marine Life Sciences, Jeju National University)
  • Received : 2013.08.08
  • Accepted : 2013.10.20
  • Published : 2014.03.01

Abstract

A 15-wk feeding trial was conducted to examine the supplemental effects of Barodon on growth performance, gastrointestinal histology, feed digestibility and innate immunity in olive founder. A basal commercial diet was used as a control and two other diets were prepared by spraying 0.1% or 0.2% of Barodon. Triplicate groups of fish (BW, 145 g) were fed one of the test diets to apparent satiation twice daily. At the end of the feeding trial, fish growth performance was not significantly affected by dietary treatments; however, feed utilization was significantly improved (linear and quadratic, p<0.05) by Barodon supplementation. Significantly higher (p<0.05) survival rates were obtained in fish fed Barodon containing diets. Hepatosomatic index increased significantly in Barodon treated groups. Also, the use of Barodon resulted in significant increase (linear and quadratic, p<0.05) of intestine length and number of goblet cells. Significantly higher (Quadratic, p<0.05) apparent digestibility coefficient of DM was obtained by supplementation of Barodon. Lysozyme and myeloperoxidase activities increased quadratically and linearly, respectively, in Barodon treated fish. Also, significantly higher (linear and quadratic, p<0.05) superoxide dismutase activity was found in Barodon fed fish. The findings in this study show that inclusion of Barodon in diets for olive flounder improves feed utilization and digestibility, and positively affects digestive tract histology and innate immunity.

Keywords

Olive Flounder;Barodon;Growth;Gastrointestinal Histology;Nutrient Digestibility;Innate Immunity

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