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Conjugation of Landsat Data for Analysis of the Land Surface Properties in Capital Area

수도권 지표특성 분석을 위한 Landsat 자료의 활용

  • Jee, Joon-Bum (Weather Information Service Engine, Center for Atmospheric and Earthquake Research) ;
  • Choi, Young-Jean (Weather Information Service Engine, Center for Atmospheric and Earthquake Research)
  • 지준범 ((재)기상기술개발원 차세대도시농림융합기상사업단) ;
  • 최영진 ((재)기상기술개발원 차세대도시농림융합기상사업단)
  • Received : 2013.12.07
  • Accepted : 2014.02.12
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

In order to analyze the land surface properties in Seoul and its surrounding metropolitan area, several indices and land surface temperature were calculated by the Landsat satellites (e.g., Landsat 5, Landsat 7, and Landsat 8). The Landsat data came from only in the fall season with Landsat 5 on October 21, 1985, Landsat 7 on September 29, 2003, and Landsat 8 on September 16, 2013. The land surface properties used are the indices that represented Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), Modified Normalized Difference Wetness Index (MNDWI), Normalized Difference Wetness Index (NDWI), Tasseled cap Brightness, Tasseled cap Greenness, Tasseled cap Wetness Index, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference Built-up Index (NDBI) and the land surface temperature of the area in and around Seoul. Most indices distinguish very well between urban, rural, mountain, building, river and road. In particular, most of the urbanization is represented in the new city (e.g., Ilsan) around Seoul. According to NDVI, NDBI and land surface temperature, urban expansion is displayed in the surrounding area of Seoul. The land surface temperature and surface elevation have a strong relationship with the distribution and structure of the vegetation/built-up indices such as NDVI and NDBI. While the NDVI is positively correlated with the land surface temperature and is also negatively correlated with the surface elevation, the NDBI have just the opposite correlations, respectively. The NDVI and NDBI index is closely associated with the characteristics of the metropolitan area. Landsat 8 and Landsat 5 have very strong correlations (more than -0.6) but Landsat 7 has a weak one (lower than -0.5).

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 기상청

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