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Numerical Investigation on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Kline-Fogleman Airfoil at Low Reynolds Numbers

Kline-Fogleman Airfoil의 저 레이놀즈수 공력특성 연구

  • Roh, Nahyeon (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Son, Chankyu (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Yee, Kwanjung (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2013.08.23
  • Accepted : 2014.01.31
  • Published : 2014.02.01

Abstract

In this study, aerodynamic characteristics of Kline-Fogleman airfoils are numerically investigatied which has been widely used in remote control aircraft operating at low Reynolds numbers. The comparison of aerodynamic characteristics was conducted between NACA4415 and Kline-Fogleman airfoil based on NACA4415. ANSYS Fluent was employed with the incompressible assumption and $k-{\omega}$ SST turbulence model. It was found that lift coefficient was significantly enhanced in the range of Reynolds number from $3{\times}10^3$ to $3{\times}10^6$. Especially in the region of Reynolds number below $2.4{\times}10^5$, the lift-to-drag-ratio was improved by 26% using the Kline-Folgeman airfoil compared with NACA4415 airfoil.

본 연구에서는 원격 조종 소형 비행기에서 주로 사용되고 있는 Kline-Fogleman 익형의 저 레이놀즈수 공력 특성을 분석하는 연구를 수행하였다. NACA4415와 이를 기반으로 한 Kline-Fogleman 익형의 공력특성을 비교하였다. 본 연구는 ANSYS Fluent를 활용하였으며, 유동은 비압축성으로 가정하고, 난류모델 $k-{\omega}$ SST를 사용하였다. 이를 통하여 Kline-Fogleman 익형의 공기역학적 원리를 규명하였으며 계산된 레이놀즈수 $3{\times}10^3{\sim}3{\times}10^6$ 범위에서 Kline-Fogleman 익형이 NACA4415에 비해 양력계수가 향상됨을 확인하였다. 특히 레이놀즈수 $2.4{\times}10^5$이하의 영역에서는 Kline-Fogleman 익형의 양항비가 NACA4415에 비해 26%까지 향상되었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 교육과학기술부

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