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A Historical Trends of Doctoral Nursing Education in Korea

한국 간호학박사교육의 역사적 흐름

  • Oh, Kasil (School of Nursing, Ulaanbaatar University) ;
  • Park, Young Sook (College of Nursing, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Ja Hyung (Division of Nursing, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Oh, Kyong-Ok (Department of Nursing, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Ahn, Yang Heui (Department of Nursing, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University) ;
  • Lim, Jiyoung (College of Nursing, CHA University)
  • 오가실 (몽골 울란바타르대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 박영숙 (서울대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 이자형 (이화여자대학교 간호과학부) ;
  • 오경옥 (충남대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 안양희 (연세대학교 원주의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 임지영 (차의과학대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2013.11.01
  • Accepted : 2014.01.28
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify historical backdrop leading to the introduction of the doctorate degree of nursing in Korea, and to explore trends of doctoral nursing education program. Methods: The research design was a descriptive study adopting a historical approach. Documentation data were collected through web sites and mail survey. The semi-structured interviews were conducted with 6 professors who were involved in the introduction of the doctorate degree of nursing. The outcomes of doctoral nursing education program were evaluated with a total of 1,153 dissertations' titles published from 1982 to 2007. Results: First introduced in Korea in 1978, doctoral nursing education program had steadily increased totaling 21 doctoral program in 2007. This resulted in a rapid increase in the number of doctoral students, but the number of faculty and the quality were not as satisfactory as expected. Many doctoral program had the missions or goals that fostered nursing scholars, theorists, and researchers, a trend that seems set to continue. The majority of dissertations utilized the experimental design (39.9%), others were qualitative design (21.6%), and survey design (19.0%). Conclusion: Doctoral education that is the hallmark of nursing scholarship is further elaborated in terms of academic tradition of nursing school in Korea.

Keywords

History of nursing;Social change;Education;Graduate

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