The Effects of Individual Characteristics, School Organizational Factors, and Teacher Factors on Students' School Violence: A Hierarchical Linear Modeling

학생 개인요인, 학교 구조적 요인, 교사요인이 학교폭력 가해행동에 미치는 영향: 위계적 선형모형 분석

  • Received : 2014.07.31
  • Accepted : 2014.11.05
  • Published : 2014.11.30


To validate the effects of students' individual factor, school organizational factor, and teacher factor on violent behavior toward peers in school, this study applied Hierarchical Linear Modeling and analyzed it using the HLM 7 program. To this end, it used survey data of students from 50 middle schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. A total of 1,777 cases from 50 middle schools were used for individual student-level analysis (Level 1), and used for school-level analysis (Level-2). According to the results of the analysis, student-level variables such as attitude toward violence, experience of child abuse at home, and delinquent peers had significant effects on school violence. The effects of violent discipline by teacher, which are used as a school-level variable, was statistically significant. Based on the result of the study, action plans and policies to resolve school violence were discussed.


school violence;attitude toward violence;child abuse;delinquent peers;violent discipline by teacher;school size;class size;Hierarchical Linear Modeling