DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Wing Morphs and Parasitism Rates of the Small Brown Planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) in Korea

국내 애멸구 (Laodelphax striatellus Fallen) (노린재목: 멸구과)의 시기별 날개형 및 기생율

  • Son, Byung-In (Entomology Program, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jung, Jong-Kook (Entomology Program, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Joon-Ho (Entomology Program, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University)
  • 손병인 (서울대학교 농생명공학부 곤충학전공) ;
  • 정종국 (서울대학교 농생명공학부 곤충학전공) ;
  • 이준호 (서울대학교 농생명공학부 곤충학전공)
  • Received : 2014.11.12
  • Accepted : 2014.11.24
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

The small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Fall$\acute{e}$n) (SBPH) is one of the important rice pests in Korea, which transmits rice stripe virus (RSV) to rice. This pest is an indigenous species in Korea and has also known to migrate from China to the western coastal areas of Korea. This study was conducted to investigate the wing morphs of SBPH and its parasitism rate of Haplogonatopus atratus Esaki et Hashimoto in Korea. In 2014, SBPH were collected in April and July from 16 sites throughout South Korea and their wing morphs and parasitism rates were measured under the microscope. Percentage of brachypterous male in July was significantly declined compared to that in April, while that of brachypterous female did not change. A positive relationship was found between latitude and percentage of brachypterous adults in April. Parasitism rate of both nymphs and adults were higher in April than July. In addition, nymphal parasitism rate was generally higher in western coastal areas.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Bae, S. D., Song, Y. H., Park, K. B., 1995. Study on the bionomics of overwintering small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen, in Milyang. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 34, 321-327. (in Korean with English abstract)
  2. Bellis, G. A., Donaldson, J. F., Quintao, V., Rice, A., Tenakanai, D., Tran-Nguyen, L., 2014. New records of Delphacini (Hemiptera: Delphacidae: Delphacinae) from Australia, Timor Leste and Papua New Guinea, and an updated checklist of Delphacini from Australia. J. Austral. Entomol. Soc.. 53, 167-174. https://doi.org/10.1111/aen.12069
  3. Chung, B. J., 1974. Studies on the occurrence, host range, transmission, and control of rice stripe disease in Korea. Korean J. Plant Prot. 13, 181-204. (in Korean with English abstract)
  4. Cook, A. G., Perfect, T. J., 1985. Seasonal abundance of macropterous Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera based on presumptive macroptery in fifth-instar nymphs. Ecol Entomol. 10, 249-258. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1985.tb00721.x
  5. Denno, R. F., Olmstead, K. L., McCloud, E. S., 1989. Reproductive cost of flight capability: a comparison of life history traits in wing dimorphic planthoppers. Ecol Etomonol. 14, 31-44.
  6. Denno, R. F. and Roderick, G. K. 1990. Population biology of planthoppers. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 35, 489-520. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.35.010190.002421
  7. Denno, R. F., Roderick, G. K., Olmstead, K. L., Döbel, H. G., 1991. Density-related migration in planthoppers (Homoptera: Delphacidae): The role of habitat persistence. Am. Nat. 138, 1531-1541.
  8. Hyun, J. S., Woo, K. S., Ryoo, M. I., 1977. Studies on the seasonal increase of the population of the smaller brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen). Korean J. Plant Prot. 16, 13-19. (in Korean with English abstract)
  9. Inglesfield, C., Begon, M,. 1983. The ontogeny and cost of migration in Drosophila subobscura Collin. Biol. J. Linnean. Soc. 19, 9-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1983.tb00772.x
  10. Jeong, T. W., Kim, B. R., Han, G. S., Kang, D. W., Jeong, I, Y., Lim, H. S., Kim, J. S., 2012. Evaluation of pesticide treatment for control of rice stripe virus after mass migration of small brown planthoppers. Res. Plant Disease. 18, 245-249. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2012.18.3.245
  11. Jung, J. K., Kim, S. T., Lee, S. Y., Park, C. K., Park, J. K., Lee, J. H., 2012, Community structure of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) along an altitudinal gradient on Mt. Sobaeksan, Korea. J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 15, 487-494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2012.05.007
  12. Kang, H. J., Ahn, K. S., Han, C. U., Jeong, K. H., Park, S. J., Ji, J. J., Kim, J. S., 2010. Analysis of the Factors Involved in the Occurrence of Rice Stripe virus in Chungcheongbukdo in 2008 and 2009. Res. Plant Disease 16, 109-114. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2010.16.2.109
  13. Kim, B. R., Jeong, T. W., Han, K. S., Hahm, S. S., Kim, Y. J., Nam, Y. G., Choi, H. S., Kim, J. S., Yu, S. H., 2013. Analysis of the factors for decrease of rice stripe disease in Chungnam province. Res. Plant Disease. 19, 84-89. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2013.19.2.084
  14. Kim, C. J., 2010. A Taxonomic Study of Family Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Korea. Ph.D. Dissertation, Yeongnam University. (in Korean with English abstract).
  15. Kim, C. S., 2009. Virus-insect-p1ant interactions at RSV outbreak regions in Korea. APEC workshop on the epidem ics of migratory insect pests and associated virus disease in rice and their impact on food security in APEC member economies, Seoul. pp61-74.
  16. Kim. H. S., Lee, J. O., Uhm, K. B., Park, J. S., 1986. Relationship between the occurrence of small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) and barley maturity. Korean J. Plant Prot. 25, 21-25. (in Korean with English abstract)
  17. Kim, J. B., 1984. Studies on the nymphal parasitism, Haplogonatopus atratus Esaki et Hashimoto (Dryinidae) of the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen (I). Korean J. Plant Prot. 23, 116-118. (in Korean with English abstract)
  18. Kim, J. B., 1991. Major parasitoids of rice plant- and leafhoppers and their biology in Korea. Ph. D. Dissertation, Gyeongsang National University. (in Korean with English abstract).
  19. Kim, J. S., Lee, G. S., Kim, C. S., Choi, H. S., Lee. S. H., Kim, M. K., Kwag, H. R., Nam, M., Kim, J. S., Noh, T. H., Kang, M. H., Cho, J. D., Kim, J. Y., Kang, H. J., Han, J. W., Kim, B. R., Jeong, S. S., Kim, J. H., Kuo, S. J., Lee, J. H., Kim, T. S., 2011. Severe outbreak of Rice stripe virus and its occurring factors. Korean J. Pest. Sci. 15, 545-572. (in Korean with English abstract).
  20. Ko, S. J., Kang, B. R., Kim, D. I., Choi, D. S., Kim, S. G., Lee, G. S., Kim, C. S., Choi, H. S., Kim, H. J., Kim, J. S., 2011. Analysis of the occurrence of Rice stripe virus in Jeonnam Province. Res. Plant Disease. 17, 351-357. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2011.17.3.351
  21. Langellotto, G. A., Denno, R. F., Ott, J. R., 2000. A trade-off between flight capability and reproduction in males of a wing-dimorphic insect. Ecology 81, 865-875. https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081[0865:ATOBFC]2.0.CO;2
  22. Lee, B. C., Cho, S. Y., Yoon, Y. N., Kang, I. J., Lee, J. H., Kwak, D. Y., Shin, D. B., Kang, H. W., 2012. Change in occurrence of rice stripe virus disease. Res. Plant Disease. 18, 402-405. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2012.18.4.402
  23. Otuka, A., Zhou, Y., Lee, G. S., Matsumura, M., Zhu, Y., Park, H. H., Liu, Z., Sanada-morimura, S., 2012, Prediction of overseas migration of the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) in East Asia. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 47, 379-388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13355-012-0130-x
  24. Park, C. G., Park, H. H., Kim, K. H., 2011. Temperature-dependent development model and forecasting of adult emergence of overwintered small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen, population. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 50, 343-352. (in Korean with English abstract). https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.62
  25. Prugnolle, F., de Meeus T., 2002. Inferring sex-biased dispersal from population genetic tools: a review. Heredity 88, 161-165. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.hdy.6800060
  26. Roff, D. A., Tucker, J., Stirling, G., Fairbairn, D. J., 1999. The evolution of threshold traits: effects of selection on fecundity and correlated response in wing dimorphism in the sand cricket. J. Evol. Biol. 12, 535-546. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1420-9101.1999.00051.x
  27. Rohacek, J., 1975. Die Flugelpolymorphie bei den europaischen Sphaeroceridenarten und Taxonomie der Limosina heteroneura- Gruppe (Diptera). Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov. 72, 196-207.
  28. Rohacek, J., 2012. Wing polymorphism in European species of Sphaeroceridae (Diptera). Acta Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae. 52, 535-558.
  29. Wilson, M. R., Claridge, M. F., 1991. Handbook for the identification of leafhoppers and planthoppers of rice. CAB International. United Kingdom.
  30. Zeng, Y., Zhu, D. H., 2014. Geographical variation in body size, development time, and wing dimorphism in the cricket Velarifictorus micado (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 107, 1066-1071. https://doi.org/10.1603/AN14040

Cited by

  1. Prevalence of rice stripe virus can be altered by temperature and the virus-mediated development of insect vector, Laodelphax striatellus , in Korea vol.20, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2017.08.012
  2. Potential of Unmanned Aerial Sampling for Monitoring Insect Populations in Rice Fields vol.101, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1653/024.101.0229