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Occurrence and Damage by Thrips on Greenhouse-Cultivated Fig

시설재배 무화과에서 총채벌레의 발생과 피해

  • Kim, Dong-Hwan (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Myoung-Rae (International Technology Cooperation Center, RDA) ;
  • Yang, Chang-Yeol (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Taek-Jun (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong-Hwan (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Jeon, Sung-Wook (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 김동환 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 조명래 (농촌진흥청 국제기술협력과) ;
  • 양창열 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 강택준 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 김형환 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 전성욱 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과)
  • Received : 2014.09.12
  • Accepted : 2014.11.07
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the occurrence and damages by thrips on greenhouse-cultivated fig in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi Province, Korea. We identified the collected species as Thrips tabaci Lindeman, Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande, and F. intonsa Trybom. The density of thrips in the greenhouses during the summer months was monitored using yellow sticky traps; T. tabaci showed the highest density, followed by F. occidentalis and F. intonsa. The damages by thrips were characterized by stunted plant growth because of delayed discoloration of the pericarp, and development of rough fruit surface. Stereomicroscopic observation on the fruit flesh revealed the growth of gray mold at the damaged area, as well as the dead bodies and exuviae of thrips. The rates of fig fruit damages per month, were 18.2%, 9.7%, 2.9%, and 1.3% in July, August, September, and October, respectively.

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