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Life Table Analysis of the Cabbage Aphide, Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus) (Homoptera: Aphididae), on Tah Tsai Chinese Cabbages

다채를 기주로 양배추가루진딧물[Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus)]의 생명표 분석

  • Kim, So Hyung (College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Institute for Biodiversity Reserch, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Kwang-Ho (Division of Crop Protection, Department of Crop Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hwang, Chang-Yeon (College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Institute for Biodiversity Reserch, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Lim, Ju-Rak (Jeollabuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Kang-Hyeok (Muju Agricultural Technology Center) ;
  • Jeon, Sung-Wook (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 김소형 (전북대학교 농업생명과학대학) ;
  • 김광호 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 황창연 (전북대학교 농업생명과학대학) ;
  • 임주락 (전라북도농업기술원) ;
  • 김강혁 (무주농업기술센터) ;
  • 전성욱 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과)
  • Received : 2014.10.14
  • Accepted : 2014.11.14
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

Life table analysis and temperature-dependent development experiments were conducted to understand the biological characteristics of the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus) on detached Tah Tsai Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris var. narinosa) leaves at seven constant temperatures (15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30 and $33{\pm}1^{\circ}C$; $65{\pm}5%$ RH; 16L:8D). Mortality was lowest at $24^{\circ}C$ with 18% and 0% at $1^{st}{\sim}2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}{\sim}4^{th}$ nymphal stages, respectively. The developmental period of $1^{st}{\sim}2^{nd}$ nymphal stage was 8.4 days at $18^{\circ}C$, and it decreased with increasing temperature. The developmental period of the $3^{rd}{\sim}4^{th}$ nymphal stage was 6.7 days at $18^{\circ}C$. The lower threshold temperature calculated using a linear model was $7.8^{\circ}C$, and the effective accumulative temperature was 120.1DD. Adult longevity was 14.9 days at $21^{\circ}C$, and total fecundity was observed 58.5 at $24^{\circ}C$. According to the life table, the net reproduction rate was 47.5 at $24^{\circ}C$, and the intrinsic rate of increase and the finite rate of increase were 0.36 and 1.43, respectively, at $27^{\circ}C$. The doubling time was 1.95d at $27^{\circ}C$, and mean generation time was 7.43d at $30^{\circ}C$.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 농업분야 기후변화 적응기술 개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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