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Investigation of Trap Plants to Attract Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

담배가루이 성충 유인을 위한 트랩식물 탐색

  • Choi, Yong-Seok (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Kyu-Sang (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Jo, Hyo-Ryu (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Seo, Jeong-Hak (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Whang, In-Su (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Gyoung-Je (Buyeo Tomato Experiment Stagion, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Choe, Soo-Cheon (Department of Horticulture, Kongju National Univ.)
  • 최용석 (충남농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 김규상 (충남농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 조효려 (충남농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 서정학 (충남농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 황인수 (충남농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 김경제 (충남농업기술원 부여토마토시험장) ;
  • 채수천 (공주대학교 원예학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.09
  • Accepted : 2014.11.13
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

The number of Bemisia tabaci adults attracted to horseweed, thistle, red bean, cucumber, and tomato plants, as measured by the number stuck to yellow sticky traps, was investigated in a polyvinyl greenhouse for growing tomatoes using organic methods. The number was highest on cucumber plants in the early days of B. tabaci infestation, but was highest on horseweed overall. Of the eight species of beans tested, B. tabaci adults were most attracted to Ultari-Gangnang; however, beans were not effective trap plants for B. tabaci. Measurement of olfactory behavioral response using a four-choice olfactometer showed that B. tabaci adults preferred horseweed to cucumber, eggplant, or tomato. The developmental period of B. tabaci eggs and larvae was shorter at high temperature. At $30^{\circ}C$, the developmental period of eggs and larvae on horseweed were reduced approximately 0.5 and 1 day, respectively, compared to those on cucumber or tomato.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 시설토마토 담배가루이 방제를 위한 트랩식물과 천적 활용기술 개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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