DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Recycling Agricultural Wastes as Feed for Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor)

갈색거저리 대량사육을 위한 농업부산물 대체먹이 탐색

  • Kim, Sun Young (Applied Entomology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Chung, Tae-Ho (Department of Animal Resources Science, Joongbu Univeresity) ;
  • Kim, Seong-Hyun (Applied Entomology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Song, Sungho (Applied Entomology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Namjung (Applied Entomology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA)
  • 김선영 (국립농업과학원 농업생물부 곤충산업과) ;
  • 정태호 (중부대학교 애완동물자원학과) ;
  • 김성현 (국립농업과학원 농업생물부 곤충산업과) ;
  • 송성호 (국립농업과학원 농업생물부 곤충산업과) ;
  • 김남정 (국립농업과학원 농업생물부 곤충산업과)
  • Received : 2014.07.31
  • Accepted : 2014.10.27
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

In order to investigate the impact of recycling agricultural wastes as feed for mealworm (Tenebrio molitor), we evaluated the replacing effect by the different level of tangerine shell, Chinese cabbage, king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) and Enoki mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) substrates on wheat bran feed. Larval survival rate, larval weight, developmental period of larva, pupation rate and pupal weight were evaluated. In tangerine shell and Chinese cabbage replacement group, no replacing effects found. In all groups replacing by spent King oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) substrate, survival rate of larva was similar to that of control group but larvae weighed less than control group significantly. Developmental period of larva increases in the group of King oyster mushroom substrate replacement. Larval and pupal weight in Enoki mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) substrate by the level of 40 and 50%, replacement effect showed best results in successive breeding considering pupation rate. It is concluded that replacing 40 and 50% of Enoki mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) substrate is appropriate to substituted diet of Tenebrio molitor larvae.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 양식어류 사료용 곤충 대량 생산 기술 개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Adamovic, M., Grubi, G., Milenkovic, I., Jovanovi, R., Proti, R., Sretenovi, L., Stoievi, L., 1998. The biodegradation of wheat straw by Pleurotus ostreatus mushrooms and its use in cattle feeding. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 71, 357-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(97)00150-8
  2. Bae, J.S., Kim Y.I., Jung S.H., Oh, Y.G., Kwak, W.S., 2006. Evaluation on feed-nutritional value of spent mushroom (Pleurotus osteratus, Pleurotus eryngii, Flammulina velutupes) substrates as a roughage source for ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. & Technol.(Kor.), 48, 237-246. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2006.48.2.237
  3. Bai, Y.Y., Cheng, J.A., 2003. Nutritive value and rearing methods of Tenebrio molitor in China, Entomol. Knowl., 40, 317-322.(In Chinese).
  4. Caswell, L. E., 1990. Fungal additives. Feed Manage, 41, 9-13.
  5. Chae, H.S., Kim, N.Y., Cho, I.C., Cho, S.R., Cho, W.M., Park, Y.S., Oh, S.A., Jang, A.R., Seong, P.N., Ko, M.S., 2013. Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Dried-Citrus Pulp and Wheat Bran on Growth and Meat Quality in Horses. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 55(3), 219-227.
  6. Gal, S.W., Moon, Y.H., Cho, S.J., 2011. Effect of the dietary supplementation of fermented spent mushroom (Pleuroteus eryngii) substrates on the growth performance and carcass characteristics in Hanwoo steers. J. Life Sci., 12, 1705-1709.
  7. He, K., Xu, Z.Q., Dai, P.L., 2006. The parasitizing behavior of Scleroderma guani Xiao et Wu (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) wasps on Tenebrio molitor pupae. Acta Entomol. Sin., 49(3), 454-460.
  8. Hillerton, J.E., Vincent, J.F.V., 1982. The specific location of zinc in insect mandibles. J. Exp. Biol., 101, 333-336.
  9. Huang, Q., Zhou, Z.J., Yang, W., Hu, J., Yang, C.P., 2005. Screening substitute hosts for mass rearing of Scleroderma sichuanensis Xiao (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Acta Entomol. Sin. 48(3), 375-379.
  10. Huang, Q., Zhou, Z.J., Zhou, D.G., Hu, J., Yang W., Yang C.P., 2006. Analysis of nutritional component of Tenebrio molitor L. pupa. Sichuan J. Zool. 25(4), 809-813.
  11. Huang, Q., Zhou, Z.J., Zhou, D.G., Hu, J., Yang W., Yang C.P., 2007. Analysis of nutritional components of seven species of insects. Acta Nutr. Sin., 29(1), 94-96.
  12. Huang, Q., Hu, J., Zhou D.G., Sun L., Ruan H.B., Wang X.N., Chen G., Zhu, T.H., Yang C.P., Yang W., 2011. Comparison of growth, development, survivorship and food utilization of two color varieties of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Acta Entomol. Sin., 54(3), 286-292.
  13. Kim, I.K., Yun, Y.C., Shin, Y.C., Yoo, J.Y., 2013. Effect of Sparassis crispa extracts on immune cell activation and tumor growth inhibition. Journal of Life Science, 23(8), 984-988. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2013.23.8.984
  14. Kim, Y.I., Bae, J.S., Jung, S.H., Ahn, M.H., Kwak, W.S., 2007. Yield and physicochemical characteristics of spent mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus osteratus and Ammulina velutipes) substrates according to mushroom species and cultivation types. J. Anim. Sci. & Technol.(Kor.), 49, 79-88. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2007.49.1.079
  15. Koo, H.Y., Kim S.G., Oh, H.K., Kim J.E., Choi, D.S., Kim, D.I., Kim, I.S., 2013. Temperature-dependent development model of larvae of mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor L. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Korean J. Appl. Entomol., 52(4), 387-394. https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2013.11.0.066
  16. Lang, Y.S.Z., Qiang, F., 2009. Ecological characteristics of Tenebrio molitor L, in: Y.Z. Lang (Ed.), Farming Technology and Application of Yellow Mealworm, Scientific and Technical Documents Publishing House, Beijing, China, pp. 21-32.
  17. Li, L.Y., Zhaob, Z., Liua, H., 2012. Feasibility of feeding yellowmealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.) in bioregenerative life support systemsas a source of animal protein for humans. Elsevier, 92(1),103-109.
  18. Liu, G.H., Zeng, L., Gan, Y.H., 2002. Observation of instar and lifecharacter of the yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.). J. ZhongkaiAgrotech. College, 15(3), 18-21.
  19. Liu, Y.S., Choi, Y.C., Song, H.S., 2011. Breeding and using technology of yellow mealworm beetle (Tenebrio molitor). NIAST. RDA. KOREA, pp. 14-30.
  20. Moon, Y.H., Shin, P.G., Cho, S.J., 2012. Feeding value of spent mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) substrate. Journal of Mushroom Science and Production, 10(4), 236-243.
  21. Nongchon jinheung ilbo. 2012. Abandoned citrus pulp, to makefunctional feed.
  22. Peng, Z.J., Huang, B.Z., 1993. Study on Tenenbrio molitor L. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Entomol. Knowl., 30(2), 111-115.
  23. Ravzanaadii, N., Kim, S.H., Choi, W.H., Hong, S.J., Kim, N.J., 2012. Nutritional value of mealworm, Tenebrio molitor as food source. Int. J. Indust. Entomol., 25(1), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.7852/ijie.2012.25.1.093
  24. Shinekhuu, J., Ji, B.J., Jin, G.L., Choi, S.H., Song, M.K., 2009. Effects of dietary replacement of rice straw with fermented spent mushroom (Flammuliua velutipes) compost on availability of feeds in sheep, and growth performance of hanwoo steers. J. Anim. Sci. & Technol.(Kor.), 51(3), 241-248. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2009.51.3.241
  25. Tian, S.P., Xu, Z.Q., 2003. Effects of different temperatures on the development of Scleroderma guani reared with Tenebrio molitor. Entomol. Knowl. 40(4), 356-359.
  26. Williams, B.C., McMullan, J.T., McCahey, S., 2001. An initial assessment of spent mushroom compost as a potential energy feedstock. Bioresour. Technol., 79, 227-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00073-6
  27. Wu, H., Wang, X.Y., Li, M.L., Yang, Z.Q., Zeng, F.X., Wang, H.Y., Bai, L., Liu, S.J., Sun, J., 2008. Biology and mass rearing of Sclerodermus pupariae Yang et Yao (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), an important ectoparasitoid of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in China. Acta Entomol. Sin. 51(1), 46-54.
  28. Ye, X.Q., Su, P., Hu, C., 1997. Chemical analysis and evaluation ofprotein and fat for yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor L.). J.Zhejiang Agric. Univ., 23(S), 35-38.
  29. Yoo, J.M., Hwang J.S., Goo T.W., Yun E.Y., 2013. Comparative analysis of nutritional and harmful components in Korean and Chinese mealworms (Tenebrio molitor). J Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 42(2), 249-254. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2013.42.2.249
  30. Zanuncio, J.C., Zanuncio, T.V., Guedes, R.N.C., Ramalho, F.S.,2000. Effect of feeding on three Eucalyptus species on the developmentof Brontocoris tabidus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) fedwith Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Biocontr. Sci.Tech. 10(4), 443-450. https://doi.org/10.1080/09583150050115025

Cited by

  1. Nutritional analysis of alternative feed ingredients and their effects on the larval growth of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) vol.47, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-5967.12236
  2. Establishment of Optimal Rearing Conditions for the Production of Tenebrio molitor Larvae 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2016.11.0.041