DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Occurrence of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Fruit Orchards from Myanmar

미얀마 과수원에서 과실파리 발생에 관한 연구

  • Win, Nan Zarchi (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Mi, Khin Mi (Department of Entomology and Zoology, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Oo, Thi Tar (Department of Entomology and Zoology, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Win, Kyaw Kyaw (Department of Agronomy, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Park, Jinyoung (Department of Ecological Monitoring and Assessment, National Institute of Ecology) ;
  • Park, Jong Kyun (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University)
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • 박진영 (국립생태원 생태평가조사실) ;
  • 박종균 (경북대학교 생태과학과)
  • Received : 2014.02.13
  • Accepted : 2014.08.25
  • Published : 2014.12.01

Abstract

Population of fruit flies was monitored by using methyl eugenol trap during 2010-2011 in Yezin, Myanmar. Population numbers were analyzed with meteorological factors including rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and duration of sunshine. Samples of mango, guava, and jujube fruits were collected from orchards. The fruits were kept in containers so that the species of flies infesting the fruit could be identified when the adult insects emerged and to assess damage caused by fruit flies. Regression analyses indicated that populations of fruit flies were observed to be positively correlative with rainfall, minimum temperature and relative humidity, and negatively correlative with the duration of sunshine. Eleven species of fruit flies, Bactrocera arecae, B. carambolae, B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. kandiensis, B. latilineola, B. malaysiensis, B. neocognata, B. raiensis, B. verbascifoliae, and Carpomya vesuvina, were identified. B. correcta and B. dorsalis were the most abundant and accounted for 29.3% and 28.6% of total emerged adults in the different fruit samples. The highest percentage of fruit damage was observed on guava ($59{\pm}15.4$), followed by mango ($35.5{\pm}12.1$) while the lowest was recorded on jujube ($18.5{\pm}7.9$).

References

  1. Agarwal, M.L., Kumar, P., 1999. Effect of weather parameters on population dynamics of peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Entomol. 24(1), 81-84.
  2. Allwood, A.J., 1997. Control Strategies for Fruit Flies (Family Tephritidae) in the South Pacific, in: Allwood, A.J., Drew, R.A.I. (Eds.), Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. ACIAR Proc. 76, 171-178.
  3. Aluja, M., Mangan, R.L., 2008. Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) host status determination: critical conceptual, methodological, and regulatory considerations. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 53, 473-502. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.53.103106.093350
  4. Amice, R., Sales, F., 1997. Seasonal abundance of fruit flies in New Caledonia, in: Allwood, A.J., Drew, R.A.I. (Eds.), Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. ACIAR Proc. 76, 134-139.
  5. Boscan de Martinez, N., Godoy, F., 1989. Population fluctuation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) fruit fly Anastrepha striata Schiner in Cagua, Venezuela. Agron. Trop. (Maracay.) 37(4-6), 117-121.
  6. CABI (CAB International), 2007. Crop Protection Compendium, 2007 Edition. [CD Room] CAB International Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
  7. Chen, P., Ye, H., 2007. Population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) and analysis of factors influencing populations in Baoshanba, Yunnan, China. Entomol. Sci. 10, 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2007.00208.x
  8. Chen, P., Ye, H., Liu, J., 2006. Population dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae) and analysis of the factors influencing the population in Ruili, Yunna Province, China. Acta Ecol. Sin. 26, 2801-2808. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2032(06)60044-9
  9. Clarke, A.R., Armstrong, K.F. Carmichael, A.E., Milne, J.R., Raghu, S., Roderick, G.K., Yeates, D.K., 2005. Invasive phytophagous pests arising through a recent evolutionary radiation: the Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50, 293-319. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.50.071803.130428
  10. Drew, R.A.I., Hancock, D.L., 1994. The Bactrocera dorsalis complex flies (Diptera; Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Asia. Bull. Entomol. Res. Suppl. Ser. 2, 1- 68. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1367426900000278
  11. Drew, R.A.I., Hooper, G.H.S., 1983. Population studies of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Queensland. Oecologia (Berl.) 26, 153-159.
  12. Drew, R.A.I., Raghu, S., 2002. The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the rainforest habitat of the Western Chats, India. Raffles Bull. Zool. 20, 327-352.
  13. Gillani, W.A., Bashir, T., Ilyas, M., 2002. Studies on population dynamics of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in guava and nectrin orchards in Islamabad. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 5(4), 452-454. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.452.454
  14. Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A., 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd ed., International Rice Research Institute, A Wiley Interscience Publication, New York.
  15. Gupta, D., Bhatia, R., 2000. Population fluctuations of fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. in submountainous mango and guava orchards. Journal of Applied Horticulture, 2, 47-49.
  16. Gupta, D., Verma, A.K., Bhalla, O.P., 1990. Population of fruit flies (Dacus zonatus and D. dorsalis) infesting fruit crops in North-Western Himalayan region. Indian J. Agri. Sci., 60(7), 471-474.
  17. Haramoto, F.H., Bess, H.A., 1970. Recent studies on the abundance of the oriental and Mediterranean fruit flies and the status of their parasites. Proc. Hawaii Entomol. Soc. 20, 551-566.
  18. Hasyim, A., Muryati, W.J., de Kogel., 2008. Population fluctuation of the adult males of the fruit fly, Bactrocera tau Walker (Diptera: Tephritidae) in passion fruit orchards in relation to abiotic factors and sanitation. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science 9(1), 29-33.
  19. Ichinohe, F., Kaneda, M., 1992. An identification guide to fruit flies import to Japanese Plant Quarantine with diagnostic descriptions. Miscellaneous Publication of the Plant Protection Service Japan No.17.
  20. Ingoley, P., Mehta, P.K., Verma, K.S., 2002. Seasonal occurrence of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq., on cucumber in midhills of Himachal Pradesh, Himachal. J. Agric. Res. 28(1/2), 48-53.
  21. Jalaluddin, S.M., Natarajan, K., Sada Kathulla, S., 2001. Population fluctuation of the guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) in relation to hosts and abiotic factors. J. Exp. Zool. 4(2), 323-327.
  22. Kannan, M., Venugopala Rao, N., 2006. Ecologicoal studies on mango fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 14, 340-342.
  23. Khan, M.A., Ashfaq, M., Khaliq, A., 2003. Role of abiotic factors in population and infestation fluctuation of fruit flies in guava orchards of Sheikhupura District. Pak. Entomologist, 25(1), 89-93.
  24. Kitto, G.B., 1983. An immunological approach to the phylogeny of the Tephritidae, in: Cavalloro, R. (Ed.) Proceedings of the CEC/ IOBC International Symposium Athens/Greece/16-19 November 1982. Commission of the European Communities, pp. 203 - 211.
  25. Laskar, N., Chatterjee, H., 2010. The Effect of Meteorological Factors on the Population Dynamics of Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the foot hills of Himalaya. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 14(3), 53-58.
  26. Lawson, A.E., McGuire, D.J., Yeates, D.K, Drew, R.A.I., Clarke, A.R., 2003. Dorsalis: An interactive identification tool to fruit flies of the Bactrocera dorsalis complex. [CD-ROM] publication, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
  27. Mahmood, K., Mishkatullah, 2007. Population dynamics of three species of Bactrocera (Diptera:Tephritidae: Dacinae) in BARI, Chakwal (Punjab). Pak. J. Zool. 39(2), 123-126.
  28. Makhmoor, H.D., Singh, S.T., 1998. Effect of concentration of methyl eugenol for the control of guava fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hedel in guava Orchard. Ann. Plant Prot. Sci. 6, 165-169.
  29. Maynard, G.V., Hamilton, J.G., Grimshaw, J.F., 2004. Quarantine- Phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Aust. J. Entomol. 43, 318-328. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1326-6756.2004.00441.x
  30. Morris, H., Waterhouse, D.F., 1998. The distribution and importance of Arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Myanmar. ACIAR Monograph. No. 67: 73.
  31. Murthy, J.N.A., Regupathy, A., 1992. Seasonal incidence of moringa fruit fly, Gitona sp. South Indian Horticulture. 40(1), 43-48.
  32. Mwatawala, M.W., De Meyer, M., Makundi, R.H., Maerere, A.P., 2006. Biodiversity of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in orchards in different agro-ecological zones of the Morogoro region, Tanzania. Fruits 61, 321-332. https://doi.org/10.1051/fruits:2006031
  33. Newell, I.M., Haramoto, F.H., 1968. Biotic factors influencing populations of Dacus dorsalis in Hawaii. Proc. Hawaii Entomol. Soc. 20, 81-139.
  34. Papadopoulos, N.T., 1999. Study on the biology and ecology of the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northern Greece. Ph.D. dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
  35. Paw, D.B., Mote, U.M., Lawande, K.E., 1991. Monitoring of fruit fly population in bittergourd crops with the help of lure traps. J.Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 16(2), 281.
  36. Ranjitha, A.R., Viraktamath, S., 2006. Investigations on the Population Dynamics of Fruit Flies in Mango Orchard at Dharwad. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 19(1), 134-137.
  37. Sarada, G., Maheswari, T.U., Purushotham, K., 2001. Seasonal incidence and population fluctuation of fruit flies in mango and guava. Indian J. Entomol. 63, 272-276.
  38. Shukla, R.P., Prasad, V.G., 1985. Population fluctuation of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel in relation to host and abiotic factors. Tropical Pest Management, 31, 273-275. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670878509370999
  39. Singh, R.B., 1991. Significance of fruit flies in fruit and vegetable production in the Asia-Pacific region, in: Vijaysegaran, S., Ibrahim, A.G. (Eds.), Proceedings First International Symposium on Fruit flies in the Tropics, pp. 11- 29. Kuala Lumpur, 1988. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Kuala Lumpur.
  40. Smith, P.H., 1989. Behavioral partitioning of the day and circadian rhythmicity. in: Robinson, A.S., Hooper, G. (Eds.), Fruit Flies: Their Biology, Natural Enemies, and Control, World Crop Pests Series, Elsevier, Amsterdam. 3B, 325-341.
  41. Su, C.Y., 1984. The study on the relationship between seasonal succession of male adult of melon fly, D. cucurbitae and the meteorological factors. J. Agric. For., 32, 105-109.
  42. Tan, K.H., Nishida, R., 1998. Ecological significance of male attractant in the defense and mating strategies of the fruit flies Bactrocera papayae. Entomol. Exp. Appl.89, 155-158. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00394.x
  43. Vargas, R.I., Miyashita, O., Nishida, T., 1984. Life history and demographic parameters of three laboratory-reared tephritids (Diptera: Tephritidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Am. 77, 651-656. https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/77.6.651
  44. Vargas, R.I., Nishida, T., Beardsley, J.W., 1983. Distribution and abundance of Dacus dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in native and exotic forest areas on Kauai. Environ. Entomol. 12, 1185-1189. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/12.4.1185
  45. Verghese, A., Sudhadevi, K., 1998. Relation between trap catch of Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel and abiotic factors, in: Proceedings of First National Symposium on Pest Management in Horticultural Crops, Bangalore, pp.15-18.
  46. Wang, X.J., 1996. The fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the East Asian region. Acta Zool. Sin. 21, 52.
  47. Waterhouse, D.F., 1993. Biological control Pacific prospects-Supplement 2. (Publ. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, 1993).
  48. White, I.M., Elson-Harris, M.M., 1992. Fruit flies of economic importance: Their identification and bionomics. Wallingford, Oxon, CAB International.
  49. Ye, H., 2001 Distribution of the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Yunnan province. Entomologia Sinica, 8, 175-182.