Occurrence of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Fruit Orchards from Myanmar

미얀마 과수원에서 과실파리 발생에 관한 연구

  • Win, Nan Zarchi (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Mi, Khin Mi (Department of Entomology and Zoology, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Oo, Thi Tar (Department of Entomology and Zoology, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Win, Kyaw Kyaw (Department of Agronomy, Yezin Agricultural University) ;
  • Park, Jinyoung (Department of Ecological Monitoring and Assessment, National Institute of Ecology) ;
  • Park, Jong Kyun (Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University)
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • 박진영 (국립생태원 생태평가조사실) ;
  • 박종균 (경북대학교 생태과학과)
  • Received : 2014.02.13
  • Accepted : 2014.08.25
  • Published : 2014.12.01


Population of fruit flies was monitored by using methyl eugenol trap during 2010-2011 in Yezin, Myanmar. Population numbers were analyzed with meteorological factors including rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and duration of sunshine. Samples of mango, guava, and jujube fruits were collected from orchards. The fruits were kept in containers so that the species of flies infesting the fruit could be identified when the adult insects emerged and to assess damage caused by fruit flies. Regression analyses indicated that populations of fruit flies were observed to be positively correlative with rainfall, minimum temperature and relative humidity, and negatively correlative with the duration of sunshine. Eleven species of fruit flies, Bactrocera arecae, B. carambolae, B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. kandiensis, B. latilineola, B. malaysiensis, B. neocognata, B. raiensis, B. verbascifoliae, and Carpomya vesuvina, were identified. B. correcta and B. dorsalis were the most abundant and accounted for 29.3% and 28.6% of total emerged adults in the different fruit samples. The highest percentage of fruit damage was observed on guava ($59{\pm}15.4$), followed by mango ($35.5{\pm}12.1$) while the lowest was recorded on jujube ($18.5{\pm}7.9$).


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