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Expression and Clinical Significance of MicroRNA-376a in Colorectal Cancer

  • Mo, Zhan-Hao (Endoscopy Center, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University) ;
  • Wu, Xiao-Dong (Scientific Research Center, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University) ;
  • Li, Shuo (Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University) ;
  • Fei, Bing-Yuan (Department of General Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University) ;
  • Zhang, Bin (Endoscopy Center, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University)
  • Published : 2014.11.28

Abstract

The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing in many Asian countries and microRNAs have already been proven to be associated with tumorigenesis. Currently, microRNA-376a (miR-376a) expression and association with clinical factors in CRC remains unclear. In this study, real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out on 53 matched pairs of CRC and adjacent normal mucosa to investigate the expression levels of miR-376a. According to the high or low expression of miR-376a, patients were divided into two groups. The relationship between miR-376a expression and clinicopathological factors of 53 patients was evaluated. Survival analysis of 53 CRC patients was performed with clinical follow-up information and survival curves were assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was performed on sections of paraffin-embedded tissue to investigate the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. MiR-376a showed low expression in cancer tissues compared to the adjacent normal tissues and altered high miR-376a expression tended to be positively correlated with advanced lymph node metastasis and shorter patient survival. VEGF IHC positivity was significantly more common in patients with high expression levels of miR-376a.Those results demonstrated that miR-376a may be a meaningful prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target in colorectal cancer.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Department

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