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Comparison of Automated Breast Volume Scanning and Hand-Held Ultrasound in the Detection of Breast Cancer: an Analysis of 5,566 Patient Evaluations

  • Choi, Woo Jung (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Cha, Joo Hee (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Kim, Hak Hee (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Shin, Hee Jung (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Kim, Hyunji (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Chae, Eun Young (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Hong, Min Ji (Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan)
  • Published : 2014.11.28

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy and effectiveness of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) and hand-held ultrasound (HHUS) in the detection of breast cancer in a large population group with a long-term follow-up, and to investigate whether different ultrasound systems may influence the estimation of cancer detection. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study, and informed consent was waived. From September 2010 to August 2011, a total of 1,866 ABVS and 3,700 HHUS participants, who underwent these procedures at our institute, were included in this study. Cancers occurring during the study and subsequent follow-up were evaluated. The reference standard was a combination of histology and follow-up imaging (${\geq}12months$). The recall rate, cancer detection yield, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values were calculated with exact 95% confidence intervals. Results: The recall rate was 2.57 per 1,000 (48/1,866) for ABVS and 3.57 per 1,000 (132/3,700) for HHUS, with a significant difference (p=0.048). The cancer detection yield was 3.8 per 1,000 for ABVS and 2.7 per 1,000 for HHUS. The diagnostic accuracy was 97.7% for ABVS and 96.5% for HHUS with statistical significance (p=0.018). The specificity of ABVS and HHUS were 97.8%, 96.7%, respectively (p=0.022). Conclusions: ABVS shows a comparable diagnostic performance to HHUS. ABVS is an effective supplemental tool for mammography in breast cancer detection in a large population.

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