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Success of a Cervical Cancer Screening Program: Trends in Incidence in Songkhla, Southern Thailand, 1989-2010, and Prediction of Future Incidences to 2030

  • Sriplung, Hutcha (Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University) ;
  • Singkham, Phathai (International Field Epidemiology Training Program, Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Iamsirithaworn, Sopon (International Field Epidemiology Training Program, Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Jiraphongsa, Chuleeporn (International Field Epidemiology Training Program, Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Bilheem, Surichai (Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University)
  • Published : 2014.12.18

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer has been a leading female cancer in Thailand for decades, and has been second to breast cancer after 2007. The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) has provided opportunistic screening with Pap smears for more than 30 years. In 2002, the MoPH and the National Health Security Office provided countrywide systematic screening of cervical cancer to all Thai women aged 35-60 years under universal health care coverage insurance scheme at 5-year intervals. Objectives: This study characterized the cervical cancer incidence trends in Songkhla in southern Thailand using joinpoint and age period cohort (APC) analysis to observe the effect of cervical cancer screening activities in the past decades, and to project cervical cancer rates in the province, to 2030. Materials and Methods: Invasive and in situ cervical cancer cases were extracted from the Songkhla Cancer Registry from 1990 through 2010. Age standardized incidence rates were estimated. Trends in incidences were evaluated by joinpoint and APC regression models. The Norpred package was modified for R and was used to project the future trends to 2030 using the power of 5 function and cut trend method. Results: Cervical cancer incidence in Songkhla peaked around 1998-2000 and then dropped by -4.7% per year. APC analysis demonstrated that in situ tumors caused an increase in incidence in early ages, younger cohorts, and in later years of diagnosis. Conclusions: Both joinpoint and APC analysis give the same conclusion in continuation of a declining trend of cervical cancer to 2030 but with different rates and the predicted goal of ASR below 10 or even 5 per 100,000 women by 2030 would be achieved. Thus, maintenance and improvement of the screening program should be continued. Other population based cancer registries in Thailand should analyze their data to confirm the success of cervical cancer screening policy of Thailand.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Science and Technology Development Agency

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