DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Correctional Policy through Comparison of Juvenile Delinquents and Normal Adolescents: Focusing on Self-esteem and Sociality

비행청소년과 일반청소년의 비교를 통한 교정정책연구 -자아존중감과 사회성을 중심으로-

  • Lee, Duk-Nam (Dept. of Social Welfare, Chosun College of Science & Technology)
  • 이덕남 (조선이공대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2013.11.05
  • Accepted : 2013.12.12
  • Published : 2014.01.29

Abstract

This study conducted a comparison analysis of the differences by scope between juvenile delinquents, under sentence of juvenile protective disposition, and normal middle high school boys' self-esteem and sociality; it aims to search for the correctional policy to prevent juvenile delinquency. I conducted a survey, as a sampling target, of students (84) at Daedeok Juvenile Reformatory, located in Daejeon-si, Korea, and the normal middle high school boys (230). The results of analysis showed that in the analysis of self-esteem difference, juvenile delinquents were found high in the global self-esteem and school-academic self-esteem, but the normal adolescents were found high only in the scope of family-parents self-esteem. In leadership, a subordinate scope of sociality, juvenile delinquents showed the high result, and in independence and cooperativity, normal adolescents were found high. In conclusion, as the distinction between self-esteem and sociality is different by scope, depending on the individual's characteristic and environment, it suggests that the correctional policy through the customized plan is effective at preventing delinquency.

References

  1. Rosenberg, F.R., and M. Rosenberg, "Selfesteem and Delinquency," Journal of Yoth and Adolescence. 1978.
  2. Fitts, W. & Hammer, W., "Theself-concept and Delinquency," Nashvile : Mental Health Center(Research Monograph No.I). 1969.
  3. Hewitt, J., "Social Stratification and Deviant Behavior," New York : Random House. 1970.
  4. Mun Ae-sun, "A Study on Sociality and Self-esteem of Structural Broken Family Children," a master's thesis, Tamna Graduate School of Business Administration, 2006.
  5. Marx, R. W., & P.H. Winnie, "Construct inerpretations of three self-concept inventories," American Education Research Journal, 15, pp. 99-109, 1978. https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312015001099
  6. Harter, S., "The perceived competence scale for children," Child Development, 53, pp. 87-97, 1982. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129640
  7. Shavelson, R.J., & R. Bolus, "Self-concept:The interplay of theory and method," Journal of Educational Psychology, 74, pp. 3-17, 1982. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.74.1.3
  8. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, "A Juvenile White Paper," Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, www.mogef.go.kr, pp. 336-383, 2012.
  9. Jo Han-il, "A Study on the Effect of Juvenile Humanity Education Program-Relations with Self-esteem․Self-expression․Sociality," a master' thesis, Kongju National University Graduate School of Education, 2006.
  10. Jeong Myeong-sil.Kim Jeong-suk.Wee Hwi, "A Workbook on Human Relations and Communication," Sungshin Women's University press, 2011.
  11. Kang Seo-young, "Influence of Child Self-respect on the development of sociality," Kyonggi University Graduate School of Social Welfare, Thesis for Master's degree, pp. 15-20, 2010.
  12. Kim Jun-ho, "Theory of Juvenile Delinquency," second edition, Chongmok Publishing Company 30, 2009.
  13. Baek Hye-jeong.Hwang Hye-jeong, "A Study on the Effects of Parents-related Variables and Self-related Variables on the Elementary School Students' Problematic Behaviors," Korean Psychologic Development Study, 19(3), pp. 1-27, 2006.
  14. Kim Gyeong-sik.Lee Hyeon-cheol, "The Impact Factors Related to Juvenile Delinquency," Educational Sociology Studies, 17(2), pp. 1-22, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1080/09620210701433589
  15. Choi Kwang-sik, "The Effect of an Anger-Controlling Program of Reducing Anger and Aggression of Juvenile Delinquents," Majored in Counseling Psychology Graduate School of Education. Keimyung University, 2000.
  16. Kim Song-ja, "The Relation between Elementary School Student's Self-esteem and Siociality and School Adoption," Keimyung University Graduate School of Education, Thesis for Master's degree, 2005.
  17. Kaplan, "self-attitudes and Deviant Behavior," new directions for theory and research, Youth Society. 1982.
  18. Kim Byeong-geun, "A Study on Decision Factors of Self-esteem," a master's thesis, Pusan National University Graduate School, 1988.
  19. Im Jin-seop.Kim Myeong-il.Han Eun-yeong, "A Probe Study on the Factors Influencing the Aggression Levels of Juvenile Offenders - Using the Heckman Selection Model," National Youth Studies, 20(4), pp. 29-69, 2009.
  20. Jeong Ik-jung, "Reciprocal Relationship between Self-esteem and Juvenile Delinquency," Social Welfare Studies, 36, pp. 33-159, 2006.
  21. Lee Gyeong-nim, "The Effects of Attachment, Self-Esteem and Impulse Control on Adolescent Delinquency," Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 40(8), pp. 191-206, 2002.
  22. Jin Hye-min.Park Byeong-seon.Bae Seong-woo, "The impact of informal Labeling, Self-esteem, Depression, and Aggression on Juvenile Delinquency-Focusing on Path Analysis," Youth Welfare Studies, 13(2), pp. 121-148, 2011.
  23. Coopersmith, S., "The antecedents of self-esteen," San Francisco W.H, Feeman. 1967.
  24. Rosenberg, M., "Conceiving the self," New York: Basic Books, 1979.
  25. Piers, E. V., "Revised manual for the Piers-Hariris children's self-concept scale," LosAngeles: Western Psychological SErvieces, 1985.
  26. Choi Bo-ga.Jeon Gwi-yeon, "A Study on the Development of the Self-Esteem Scale," (I), Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 1(2), pp. 42-46, 1993.
  27. Coopersmith, S., "self-esteem inventorise, Palo Alto," CA:Consulting Psychologists Press. 1981.
  28. Coopersmith, stated that self-esteem was measured by sum of points of subordinate measurements such as 'general ego, social ego, home-parents ego, academic ego.' 1967.
  29. Harter, S., "Developmental perspectives on the self-system," In E. M. Hetherington(ED), Handbook of child psychology : Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development(4thed.), NewYork : Wiley, pp. 275-385, 1983.
  30. Pope, A.W., McChale S.M., & Craighead W.E., "self-esteem enhancement with childern and adolescents," New York, Pergamon Press. 1988.
  31. Lee Jong-seung, "A Handbook of Middle School Recent Personality Emotion Diagnostic Inventory," Korean Testing Center, 1999.
  32. Seong Mi-ok, "A Study on the Development and the Effect of Praise Program for Improvement of Elementary School Students' Self-esteem and School Life Satisfaction," a master's thesis, Seoul National University of Education, 2003.
  33. Lee Ae-ryeong, "Risk and Protective Factors of Juvenile Delinquency," a doctoral thesis, Chungbuk National Graduate School, 2004.
  34. An Sang-mi, "Family's Cohesiveness and Adaptability, Communication between Parents and Children, Family Conflict and Juvenile's Depression and Delinquency," a master's thesis, Chungbuk National University Graduate School, 2006.
  35. Choi Su-yeon, "he Effects of Seat Disposition through Sociometric Method on the Change of School Life Attitude and Peer Relations," a master's thesis, Gwangju National University Graduate School of Education, 2008.
  36. Merten, D. E., Visibility and vulnerability: Responses to rejection by nonagressive junior high school boys. Journal of Early Adolescence, 16, 5-26, pp. 1996. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431696016001001