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Recent Update in Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation의 최근 동향

  • Kim, Haejin (Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kang, Kyungmin (Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Sujin (Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University) ;
  • Im, Eunok (Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University)
  • 김혜진 (부산대학교 약학대학 약학과) ;
  • 강경민 (부산대학교 약학대학 약학과) ;
  • 김수진 (부산대학교 약학대학 약학과) ;
  • 임은옥 (부산대학교 약학대학 약학과)
  • Received : 2014.10.28
  • Accepted : 2014.11.19
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

Gut microbiota is a group of microorganisms that resides in the intestine and serves many important functions in human health. Using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing analysis, a wide variety of bacteria in human gastrointestinal tract has been identified along with intriguing findings that there is a different bacterial composition among individuals. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a procedure of stool transplantation from healthy donors to patients suffering from various diseases. Specifically, FMT is able to alter the composition of gut microbiota of recipients and therefore could be an effective treatment for the patients with gastrointestinal diseases including recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, inflammatory bowel disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. Here we review a list of human diseases related to gut microbiota disturbance and the case studies of FMT. We also summarize medicines and diagnostic tools that are under development. Therefore, gut microbiota can be a next generation's biotherapy for promotion of health and treatment of chronic diseases.

Keywords

Clostridium difficile infection;fecal microbiota transplantation;inflammatory bowel disease

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산대학교

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