Effects of sires with different weight gain potentials and varying planes of nutrition on growth of growing-finishing pigs

  • Ha, Duck-Min (Regional Animal Industry Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Jung, Dae-Yun (Regional Animal Industry Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Man Jong (Regional Animal Industry Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Byung-Chul (Sunjin Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Lee, C. Young (Regional Animal Industry Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2014.09.23
  • Accepted : 2014.09.23
  • Published : 2014.10.31


The present study was performed to investigate the effects of two groups of sires with 'medium' and 'high' weight gain potentials (M-sires and H-sires, respectively) on growth of their progenies on varying planes of nutrition during the growing-finishing period. The ADG of the M-sires' progeny was greater (P < 0.05) than that of the H-sires' progeny (0.51 vs. 0.47 kg) during a 26- to 29-d early grower phase beginning from 55 d of age, but the opposite was true (0.66 vs. 0.72 kg) during the latter grower phase. Overall grower-phase ADG was greatest on the high plane of nutrition (H plane) followed by the medium (M) and low (L) planes (0.65, 0.61, and 0.51 kg, respectively; P < 0.05) in the M-sires' progeny, whereas in the H-sires' progeny, ADG was greater on the H and M planes vs. L plane (0.63, 0.62, and 0.54 kg, respectively). The ADG of pigs on the M or H plane during the grower phase and switched to the H plane thereafter (M-to-H or H-to-H planes) was greater than that of pigs on the L-to-L planes (0.99 vs. 0.78 kg) during the early finisher phase in the M-sires' progeny (P < 0.01). However, in the H-sires' progeny, ADG of pigs on the L-to-L planes did not differ from that of pigs on the M-to-M or H-to-M planes (0.94 vs. 0.96 kg). Results suggest that the H-to-H or H-to-M planes and M-to-M or M-to-L planes are optimal for maximal growth of the M- and H-sires' progenies, respectively.


Sire;Progeny;Weight gain;Plane of nutrition;Growing-finishing pig


Supported by : Gyeongnam National University


  1. Pettigrew JE, Esnaola MA: Swine nutrition and pork quality: a review. J Anim Sci 2001, 79((Suppl):E31-E342.
  2. NSNG: National Swine Nutrition Guide. Ames, IA, USA: U.S. Pork Center of Excellence (USPCE), Iowa State University; 2010.
  3. NRC: Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th edition. Washington, D.C., USA: National Academy Press; 2012.
  4. Sillence MN: Technologies for the control of fat and lean deposition in livestock. Vet J 2004, 167:242-257.
  5. van Wijk HJ, Arts DJG, Matthews JO, Webster M, Ducro BJ, Knol EF: Genetic parameters for carcass composition and pork quality estimated in a commercial production chain. J Anim Sci 2005, 83:324-333.
  6. McFarland DC: Nutrition and growth. In Biology of Growth of Domestic Animals. Edited by Scanes CG. Ames, IA, USA: Iowa State Press, A Blackwell Publishing Company; 2003:249-262.
  7. Apple JK, Maxwell CV, Brown DC, Friesen KG, Musser RE, Johnson ZB, Armstrong TA: Effects of dietary lysine and energy density on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs fed ractopamine. J AnimSci 2004, 82:3277-3287.
  8. Park BC, Lee CY: Feasibility of increasing the slaughter weight of finishing pigs. J Anim Sci Technol 2011, 53:211-222.
  9. Schinckel AP, Einstein ME, Jungst S, Matthews JO, Fields B, Booher C, Dreadin T, Fralick C, Tabor S, Sosnicki A, Wilson E, Boyd RD: The impact of feeding diets of high or low energy concentration on carcass measurements and weight of primal and subprimal lean cuts. Asian Aust J Anim Sci 2012, 25:531-540.
  10. KAIA: Korea Animal Improvement Association. Statistics; 2011.
  11. Oh SH, See MT: Pork preference for consumers in China, Japan and South Korea. Asian Aust J Anim Sci 2012, 25:143-150.
  12. Seo JT: Changes in carcass characteristics and drawbacks accompanying an increase in slaughter weight. In 10th Symposium of the Korean Pig Industry Research Society "Strategies for Increasing Pork Supply through an Increase of the Market Weight", Jul. 13, 2011, Proceedings; 2011:35-57.
  13. KPPA: Korea Pork Producers Association.Statistics; 2014.
  14. Gerrard DE, Grant AL: Principles of Animal Growth and Development, revised printing. Dubuque, IA, USA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company; 2006.
  15. NASS: Agricultural Statistics. USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service; 2014.
  16. MIFAFF: Grading Standards for Livestock Products (published in Korean). Notification No. 2011-46 of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Republic of Korea; 2011.
  17. Ha DM, Jang KS, Won HS, Ha SH, Park MJ, Kim SW, Lee CY: Effects of creep feed and milk replacer and nursery phase-feeding programs on pre- and post-weaning growth of pigs. J Anim Sci Technol 2011, 53:333-339.
  18. Lee CY, Lee HP, Jeong JH, Baik KH, Jin SK, Lee JH, Sohn SH: Effects of restricted feeding, low-energy diet, and implantation of trenbolone acetate plus estradiol on growth, carcass traits, and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 in finishing barrows. J Anim Sci 2002, 80:84-93.
  19. Ha DM, Kim GD, Han JC, Jeong JY, Park MJ, Park BC, Joo ST, Lee CY: Effects of dietary energy level on growth efficiency and carcass quality traits of finishing pigs. J Anim Sci Technol 2010, 52:191-198.
  20. Lawrence TLJ, Fowler VR, Novakofski JE: Growth of Farm Animals. 3rd edition. Wallingford, UK: CABI; 2012.
  21. Whang KY, McKeith FK, Kim SW, Easter RA: Effect of starter feeding program on growth performance and gains of body components from weaning to market weight in swine. J Anim Sci 2000, 78:2885-2895.
  22. Noblet J, Le Dividich J, Van Milgen JV: Thermal environment and swine nutrition. In Swine Nutrition. 2nd edition. Edited by Lewis AJ, Southern LL. New York: CRC Press; 2001:519-544.
  23. Le Bellego L, van Milgen J, Noblet J: Effect of high temperature and low-protein diets on the performance of growing-finishing pigs. J Anim Sci 2002, 80:691-701.
  24. MAFRA: Grading Standards for Livestock Products (published in Korean). Notification No. 2014-4 of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Republic of Korea; 2014.
  25. Park MJ, Park BC, Ha DM, Kim JB, Jang KS, Lee DH, Kim GT, Jin SK, Lee CY: Effects of increasing market weight of finishing pigs on backfat thickness, incidence of the 'caky-fatty' belly, carcass grade, and carcass quality traits. J Anim Sci Technol 2013, 55:195-202.