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Weed Occurrences, Growth and Yield of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) by Hairy Vetch and Partial-Width Tillage

헤어리베치와 부분경운에 의한 잡초발생과 수수의 생육 및 수량

  • Hwang, Jae-Bok (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Ki-Youl (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Eul-Soo (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Young-Dae (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Hyun, Jong-Nae (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Jong-Tag (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Oh, In-Souk (Cereal Crop Research Division, Department of Functional Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Byung-Mo (Organic Agriculture Division, Department of Agricultural Environment, National Institute Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA)
  • 황재복 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 정기열 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 윤을수 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 최영대 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 현종내 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 윤종탁 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 오인석 (국립식량과학원 기능성작물부) ;
  • 이병모 (국립농업과학원)
  • Received : 2014.11.05
  • Accepted : 2014.12.10
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

The effects of cover crops on weed suppression were evaluated in this study. Weed suppressing effects of hairy vetch cover crops were evaluated in summer grain fields. Cover crops were sown at the sowing rate of $60kg\;ha^{-1}$ on Oct. 2012 and Feb. 2013 without basal fertilization. Three weeks old sorghum seedlings were transplanted after minimum tillage on June 2013. Hairy vetch cover crop treatment significantly reduced weed biomass in the transplanted sorghum. By smothering, the cover crops reduced weed biomass to economic level in sorghum. Besides the weed suppression, hairy vetch cover crop resulted in green manure effect on crop growth. Hairy vetch treatment showed beneficial effects on sorghum growth. Reduction of weeds caused by use of strip-tillage machine and polyethylene film mulching was 71% and 88%, respectively. At harvest, yield of sorghum was greater in order of polyethylene film mulching > hairy vetch cover crop > control in transplanted fields.

Keywords

Hairy vetch;Organic agriculture;Sorghum;Weed control

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