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Development and Effects of Emotional Intelligence Program for Undergraduate Nursing Students: Mixed Methods Research

간호대학생을 위한 감성지능 향상 프로그램 개발 및 효과검증: 혼합연구 설계 적용

  • Lee, Oi Sun (Department of Nursing, Changshin University) ;
  • Gu, Mee Ock (College of Nursing.Gerontological Health Research Center, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 이외선 (창신대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 구미옥 (경상대학교 간호대학.건강과학연구원 노인건강연구센터)
  • Received : 2014.07.22
  • Accepted : 2014.10.30
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to develop and test the effects of an emotional intelligence program for undergraduate nursing students. Methods: The study design was a mixed method research. Participants were 36 nursing students (intervention group: 17, control group: 19). The emotional intelligence program was provided for 4 weeks (8 sessions, 20 hours). Data were collected between August 6 and October 4, 2013. Quantitative data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, and paired t-test with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Quantitative results showed that emotional intelligence, communication skills, resilience, stress coping strategy, and clinical competence were significantly better in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the qualitative results, the nursing students experienced improvement in emotional intelligence, interpersonal relationships, and empowerment, as well as a reduction in clinical practice stress after participation in the emotional intelligence program. Conclusion: Study findings indicate that the emotional intelligence program for undergraduate nursing students is effective and can be recommended as an intervention for improving the clinical competence of undergraduate students in a nursing curriculum.

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