Seismic force reduction factor for steel moment resisting frames with supplemental viscous dampers

  • Serror, M. Hassanien (Department of Structural Engineering, Cairo University) ;
  • Diab, R. Adel (Department of Structural Engineering, Cairo University) ;
  • Mourad, S. Ahmed (Department of Structural Engineering, Cairo University)
  • Received : 2014.04.21
  • Accepted : 2014.08.27
  • Published : 2014.12.25


Damping is one of the parameters that control the performance of structures when they are subjected to seismic, wind, blast or other transient shock and vibration disturbances. By adding supplemental viscous dampers, the energy input from a transient deformation is absorbed, not only by the structure itself, but also by the supplemental dampers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the values of both damping and ductility reduction factors for steel moment resisting frames with supplemental linear viscous dampers. Two-dimensional finite element models have been established for a range of low to mid rise buildings with different parameters: number of floors; number of bays; and number of dampers with different supplemental damping ratios (from 5% to 30%). A parametric study has been performed using time history analyses and a well-documented research method (N2-method). In addition, an equation has been proposed for each reduction factor based on regression analysis for the obtained results. The results of the Time history analyses are compared with those of a modified N2-method. Moreover, a comparison with values specified in the European code EC8 and the Egyptian code ECP-201 has been performed.


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