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Seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii in native Korean goats (Capra hircus coreanae) in Gyeongbuk province, Korea

경북지역 재래염소의 Coxiella burnetii 항체보유율

  • Kim, Seong-Guk (North-Branch, Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Cho, Jae-Cheong (North-Branch, Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyo (North-Branch, Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Kim, Seon-Soo (North-Branch, Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kwak, Dong-Mi (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김성국 (경북가축위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 조재청 (경북가축위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 이민교 (경북가축위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 김선수 (경북가축위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 이승헌 (경북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 곽동미 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 2014.10.15
  • Accepted : 2014.12.07
  • Published : 2014.12.30

Abstract

Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella (C.) burnetii and affects wild and domestic animals worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of C. burnetii in native Korean goat (Capra hircus coreanae) in Gyeongbuk province, Korea, using ELISA. A total of 256 goat blood samples from 56 farms in Gyeongbuk province were collected between May 2012 and March 2013. Among them, 22 (8.6%) samples from 10 (17.9%) farms were seropositive for C. burnetii by ELISA. According to regional analysis, the seroprevalences among goat farms in eastern, western, southern, and northern areas of Gyeongbuk province were 0%, 18.2%, 36.8%, and 6.3%, respectively, showing the highest seroprevalence in the southern region. Among 22 counties in Gyeongbuk province, 10 (45.5%) counties had one or more farms positive to C. burnetii antibody. Accordingly, the seroprevalence of C. burnetii in high-risk humans and animals are constantly demanded by regional investigation.

Keywords

Coxiella burnetii;Q fever;native Korean goat;ELISA

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