The effect of art expertise and awareness of artists' intention on the patterns of eye movement during perception of abstract paintings with implied motion

미술에 대한 전문성과 화가의 표현 의도에 관한 자각이 운동성을 묘사한 추상화 지각 시 안구 운동 패턴에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2014.06.27
  • Accepted : 2014.08.18
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

Artists such as Duchamp and Balla tried to portray moving objects on static canvases by superimposing snapshots of moving objects. Previously, our group showed the influence of prior experience on brain responses within a motion-sensitive area MT+ to abstr act paintings with or without implied motion. In the present study, we went further to investigate whether the differential MT+activation between observers is originated from differential eye movement patterns. Prior experience was defined operationally with major in art. In addition, we examined whether perceiver's awareness of artist's intention concerning the implied motion, as well as expertise in art, affects the way he/she views the artwork. Results showed that the number and the duration of fixation on the abstract paintings tended to differ between participants based on art major. The awareness of artist's intention was not related to such differences. In contrast, observers' awareness of artist's intention of implying motion affected eye movement patterns in specific regions of the abstract paintings where the motion was portrayed. In other words, observers with awareness focused more on the parts of paintings portraying motion and moved their eyes in the direction corresponding to the direction of moving objects than observers without awareness. Expertise was not related to such specific eye movement patterns. The present study implies that art expertise and awareness of artist's intention play differential roles in observers' perception of paintings with implied motion. Namely, it suggests that expertise is related to the overall perception of paintings, while awareness of implied motion is related to perception of the specific spatial information in those paintings.

Keywords

abstract painting;implied motion;eye movement;expertise;visual awareness

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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