DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Factors Affecting Health-related Quality of Life in Women Undergraduates

여대생의 건강 관련 삶의 질 영향 요인

  • Received : 2013.10.14
  • Accepted : 2013.11.25
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to define factors influencing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women undergraduates. Independent variables of physical activity, attitude to eating, satisfaction with body shape, stress and self-esteem were used to predict HRQOL. Method: Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Participants were 245 women undergraduates who were recruited from July to September 2012. Result: The mean for the physical component summary (PCS) of HRQOL was 73.89, and for the mental component summary (MCS) was 68.45. There were significant correlations between attitude to eating, satisfaction with body shape, stress, self-esteem and the two components of HRQOL. The groups with minimal or health enhancing activity were significantly higher in PCS and MCS than the inactivity group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that 35% of the variance in PCS was significantly accounted for by self-esteem, perceived stress, attitude to eating, and physical activity, and 45% of the variance in MCS was significantly accounted for by perceived stress, self-esteem, attitude to eating, and satisfaction with body shape. Conclusion: The results indicate that these factors influencing HRQOL should be considered when developing programs to improve HRQOL for women undergraduates.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한서대학교

References

  1. Acree, L. S., Longfors, J., Fjeldstad, A. S., Fjeldstad, C., Schank, B., Nickel, K. J., et al. (2006). Physical activity is related to quality of life in older adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 4, Article 37. Retrieved Decemver 16, 2012, from http://hqlo.com/content/4/1/37
  2. Choi, H., Lee, E. O., Kim, B. W., & Kim, I. J. (2004). Stage of change for exercise and health-related quality of life in Korean adults. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, 16, 191-201.
  3. Choi, M. S., & Cheon, S. H. (2007). Internalization of the sociocultural attitudes, body shape satisfaction, anger and eating attitudes in college women. Korean Journal of Womens Health Nursing, 13, 327-335.
  4. Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385-396. https://doi.org/10.2307/2136404
  5. Cooper, P. J., Taylor M. J., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (1987). The development and validation of the body shape questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 485-494. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X(198707)6:4<485::AID-EAT2260060405>3.0.CO;2-O
  6. Doll, H. A., Petersen, S. E., & Stewart-Brown, S. L. (2005). Eating disorders and emotional and physical well-being:Associations between student self-reports of eating disorders and quality of life as measured by the SF-36. Quality of Life Research, 14, 705-717. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-004-0792-0
  7. Engel, S. G., Adair, C. E., Hayas, C. L., & Abraham, S. (2009). Health-related quality of life and eating disorders:A review and update. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 42, 179-187. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.20602
  8. Garner, D. M., Olmsted, M. P., Bohr, Y., & Garfinkel, P. E. (1982). The eating attitude test: Psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychological Medicine, 12, 871-878. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700049163
  9. Han, K. S., Park, E. S., Song, J. A., Kim, K. M., Jin, J. H., & Kang, H. C. (2007). International attachment style, emotional regulation, and symptoms of stress, among university students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16, 198-204.
  10. International Physical Activity Questionnaire Group. (2005). Guidelines for the data processing and analysis of the international physical activity questionnaire. Retrieved August 25, 2011, from http://www.ipaq.ki.se/
  11. Jon, B. J. (1974). Self-esteem: A test of its measurability. Yonsei Nonchong, 11, 107-130.
  12. Kim, A. K. (2010). Yangsaeng and health related quality of life (HRQOL) in middle aged women. Korean Journal of Womens Health Nursing, 16, 297-306.
  13. Kim, S. Y., Yun, J. E., Kim, H. J., & Jee, S. H. (2011). The relation of physical activity by the IPAQ to health-related quality of life-Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) IV 2007-2008. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, 28(2), 15-25.
  14. Kleinbaum, D. G., Kupper, L. L., Nizam, A., & Muller, K. E. (2007). Applied regression analysis and other multivariable methods (4th ed.). Belmont: Duxbury Press.
  15. Ku, H. J., & Lee, D. T. (2006). Estimation of physical activity levels using international physical activity questionnaires (IPAQ) in Korean college students. Journal of Sports Science Research, 24, 65-73.
  16. Lee, G. H., Kim, C. H., Shin, H. C., Park, Y. W., & Sung, E. J. (2007). The relation of physical activity to health related quality of life. Journal of Korean Academy of Family Medicine, 28, 451-459.
  17. Lee, K. H., Kim, S. K., Chun, K. J., & Han, S. H. (2003). The relationship between eating disorder and self-esteem in female college students. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, 9, 390-399.
  18. Mayer, B., Muris, P., Meesters, C., & Zimmermann-van Beuningen, R. (2009). Brief report: Direct and indirect relations of risk factors with eating behavior problems in late adolescent females. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 741-745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.12.002
  19. Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2012). 2011 National Health Statistics. Retrieved September 1, 2013, from http://knhanes.cdc.go.kr/knhanes/index.do
  20. Mussap, A. J. (2009). Acculturation, body image, and eating behaviours in Muslim - Australian women. Health & Place, 15, 532-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.08.008
  21. Noh, Y. K. (2005). The relationship between body shape satisfaction and eating disorder and self-esteem. Unpublished Master's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul.
  22. Park, Y. R., & Son, Y. J. (2009). Relationship of satisfaction with appearance self-esteem, depression, and stress to health related quality of life in women across the lifespan. Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, 16, 353-361.
  23. Park, Y. R., Wee, H., & Kim, S. J. (2010). Lifestyle, depression, and health related quality of life among women in Jeju province. Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, 21, 148-155.
  24. Pate, R. R., Pratt, M., Blair, S. N., Haskell, W. L., Macera, C. A., Bouchard, C., et al. (1995). Physical activity and public health: A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 402-407. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1995.03520290054029
  25. QualityMetric. (1998). 1998 SF-36 normative data. Retrieved September 25, 2013, From http://www.sf-36.org/research/sf98norms.shtml?id=5
  26. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  27. Yom, Y. H., & Lee, K. E. (2010). Factors affecting eating attitude of female undergraduates in regard to BMI. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 40, 676-685.
  28. Ware, J. E., & Sherbourne, C. D. (1992). The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical Care, 30, 473-483. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002
  29. U. S. Department of Agriculture, & U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. Washington D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved July 25, 2013, From http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAs2010-PolicyDocument.htm

Cited by

  1. Study of Stress, Health Promotion Behavior, and Quality of Life of Nursing Students in Clinical Practice and Factors associated with Their Quality of Life vol.21, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5953/JMJH.2014.21.2.125
  2. Structured Model on the Health related Quality of Life in University Students focused on Personal Competency Health Care vol.20, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.7587/kjrehn.2017.129
  3. A path analysis of factors influencing eating problem among young female adults vol.50, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.6.615
  4. Comparison of Fatigue Severity and Quality of Life between Unexplained Fatigue Patients and Explained Fatigue Patients vol.39, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2018.39.3.180