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A Survey on Knowledge of Diabetes and Self-care Behavior of Rural Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

농촌지역 당뇨병 환자의 당뇨지식 및 자가관리에 대한 연구

  • Lee, Hye-Ran (Department of Nursing, Keimyung College University)
  • 이혜란 (계명문화대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2013.03.04
  • Accepted : 2013.04.19
  • Published : 2013.06.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of diabetes and self-care behavior of patients with diabetes mellitus living in rural area. Methods: Participants in this study were 94 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Data were collected from July 13 to September 14, 2012. The instruments were the knowledge of diabetes measurement developed by Park Oh Jang and the measurement of self-care behavior for patients with diabetes developed by Kim Young Ok. Data were analyzed using the SPSSWIN 18.0 program for t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test. Results: There were significant differences in knowledge of diabetes according to education level (p=.011), alcohol use (p=.010), regular exercise (p=.046), and duration of illness (p=.045). There were significant differences in self-care behavior of patients with diabetes according to satisfaction with income (p=.031), regular exercise (p<.001), experience with diabetes education (p=.001), number of diabetes education sessions (p<0.001), and complications (p=.001). Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, there is a need to develop and confirm the efficacy of education programs by examining their fit to characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus living in rural areas.