The Effects of Household Characteristics and Poverty Duration on Poverty Exit Rate -Examining the Effects of Duration Dependency and Sample Heterogeneity -

가구특성과 빈곤지속기간이 빈곤탈피율에 미치는 영향 -지속기간의존성과 표본이질성에 대한 검증을 포함하여-

  • 김환준 (경북대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2013.06.28
  • Accepted : 2013.08.09
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

By analyzing wave 1~11 (1998~2008) of Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS) database, this study examines the effects of household characteristics and poverty duration on poverty exit. A special concern is to decide whether the decrease of poverty exit rates comes from true duration dependency or from the sample heterogeneity as poverty duration progresses. I also analyzed how the effects of independent variables are changed when unobserved heterogeneity is controlled. The results show that duration dependency disappears after controlling observed household characteristics and unobserved individual heterogeneity. This finding confirms that the apparent relationship between poverty exit rate and poverty duration is in fact a spurious association due to the sample heterogeneity rather than true duration dependency. In addition, the effects of household characteristics on poverty exit rate become more stronger when unobserved heterogeneity is controlled. Socioeconomic factors affecting poverty exit rates are such as householders' age, education, household composition, number of family members, labor force participation, and work status.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 경북대학교