Prehospital care and improvement of 119 emergency medical technician for the insect bite patients

119 구급대원의 곤충교상환자에 대한 응급처치 현황 및 개선방안

  • Kim, Ji-Hye (Jungbu Fire Station, Daejeon Metropolitan City Fire Service Headquarter) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-Youl (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • 김지혜 (대전광역시 소방본부 중부소방서) ;
  • 이경열 (공주대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2013.04.24
  • Accepted : 2013.04.27
  • Published : 2013.04.30


Purpose : This study aimed to improve quality of prehospital emergency care for the insect bite patients by figuring out its current situations and problems. Methods : This study was conducted to 219 insect bite patients who were transferred to the hospital by 119 ambulance in D-City from July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2011. This study was a descriptive study by 119 run sheets. A total of 171 emergency medical technicians(EMTs) working in D-city and C-province completed the questionnaire. All of data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0. Results : Among the 219 patients, bee sting accounted for 62.6% and wasp sting accounted for 20.1%. Some patients complained of dizziness, headache, dyspnea, and disturbance of consciousness. The 119 EMTs initially treated the patients with oxygen supply to 57 patients (31.1%). Knowledge toward insect bite was statistically significant (p=.000) between advanced EMTs and basic EMTs. The obstacle to the prehospital care, many EMTs answered that the obstacle was due to the lack of 119 EMTs. Conclusion : It is necessary to differentiate the patients' symptoms and provide the better prehospital emergency care to verify the exact symptoms and signs.


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