Deployment of Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility with the Introduction of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in Kenya

  • Shadrack, A. (KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School) ;
  • Kim, C.L. (KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School)
  • Received : 2013.07.31
  • Accepted : 2013.08.19
  • Published : 2013.10.30


This paper describes basic plans for the development of a radioactive waste disposal facility with the introduction of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) for Kenya. The specific objective of this study was to estimate the total projected waste volumes of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW) expected to be generated from the Kenyan nuclear power programme. The facility is expected to accommodate LILW to be generated from operation and decommissioning of nuclear power plants for a period of 50 years. An on-site storage capacity of 700 $m^3$ at nuclear power plant sites and a final disposal repository facility of more than 7,000 $m^3$ capacity were derived by considering Korean nuclear power programme radioactive waste generation data, including Kori, Hanbit, and APR 1400 nuclear reactor data. The repository program is best suited to be introduced roughly 10 years after reactor operation. This study is important as an initial implementation of a national LILW disposal program for Kenya and other newcomer countries interested in nuclear power technology.


  1. IAEA, The Principles of Radioactive Waste Management, Safety Series No.111-F, Vienna, Austria (1996)
  2. IAEA, Classification of Radioactive Waste, Safety Standards Series GSG-1, Vienna, Austria (2009)
  3. IAEA, Technical Meeting on corporation for human resource development among embarking and experienced countries. Experiences and lessons learned in addressing the challenges of training in Kenya, Vienna, Austria (2013)
  4. Nuclear Energy for industrialization, A case study of Kenya's vision 2030, presented to the Dialogue Forum on "Long Term Prospects for Nuclear Energy.", (2012)
  5. Standard Safety Analysis Report APR 1400, Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP) (2002)
  6. K.W. Han, et al. IAEA Bulletin 39(1), Radioactive Waste Disposal Global Experience and Challenge (1997)
  7. E. L. Gershey, et al., Low-Level Radioactive Waste from Cradle to Grave, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1990)