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The Swiss Radioactive Waste Management Program - Brief History, Status, and Outlook

  • Vomvoris, S. (National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste(Nagra)) ;
  • Claudel, A. (National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste(Nagra)) ;
  • Blechschmidt, I. (National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste(Nagra)) ;
  • Muller, H.R. (National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste(Nagra))
  • 투고 : 2013.08.10
  • 심사 : 2013.08.29
  • 발행 : 2013.10.30

초록

Nagra was established in 1972 by the Swiss nuclear power plant operators and the Federal Government to implement permanent and safe disposal of all types of radioactive waste generated in Switzerland. The Swiss Nuclear Energy Act specifies that these shall be disposed of in deep geological repositories. A number of different geological formations and sites have been investigated to date and an extended database of geological characteristics as well as data and state-of-the-art methodologies required for the evaluation of the long-term safety of repository systems have been developed. The research, development, and demonstration activities are further supported by the two underground research facilities operating in Switzerland, the Grimsel Test Site and the Mont Terri Project, along with very active collaboration of Nagra with national and international partners. A new site selection process was approved by the Federal Government in 2008 and is ongoing. This process is driven by the long-term safety and feasibility of the geological repositories and is based on a step-wise decision-making approach with a strong participatory component from the affected communities and regions. In this paper a brief history and the current status of the Swiss radioactive waste management program are presented and special characteristics that may be useful beyond the Swiss program are highlighted and discussed.

참고문헌

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