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Development of job performance assessment tool for dental hygienists

치과위생사의 직무수행능력 평가도구 개발

  • Kim, Ji-Hee (Department of Dental Hygiene, Kyungnam College of Information & Technology) ;
  • Hwang, Tae-Yoon (Department of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, College of Medicine Yeungnam University)
  • 김지희 (경남정보대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 황태윤 (영남의대 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2013.07.25
  • Accepted : 2013.10.10
  • Published : 2013.10.31

Abstract

Objectives : The purpose of this study is to develop a job performance assessment tool for dental hygienists. Methods : The development consisted of three steps. The first step was to construct the contents of the assessment tool and a pretest questionnaire. In the second step, validity and reliability tests were done and modified for the pretest questionnaires and an assessment tool was made. The third step was verification of the assessment tool. A total of 678 data from the dental hygienists were analyzed to verify the validity and reliability. The assessment tool consisted of two areas such as job performance and competency/attitude: the job performance area covered four sub-areas including oral health education, preventive dental care, assistance for dental treatment, and administrative management. Results : The number of questions and reliability test result for each sub-area were as follows. Reliability coefficient for oral health education (10 questions) was 0.899, preventive dental care (8 questions) was 0.861, assistance for dental treatment (18 questions) was 0.915, administrative management (8 questions) was 0.919, competency of dental hygienists (11 questions) was 0.947, and attitude of dental hygienists (15 questions) was 0.955. Cronbach ${\alpha}$ coefficient for reliability of total 70 questions of the assessment tool was 0.980. Conclusions : The validity of the assessment tool was verified by three steps and the reliability proved to be significant. Consequently the assessment tool was found to be useful as an objective and valid job performance assessment tool for the dental hygienists.

Keywords

assessment tool;dental hygienist;job performance

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