폐금속광산 주변 논토양 및 벼작물의 비소함량과 계절적 변화

Contents and Seasonal Variations of Arsenic in Paddy Soils and Rice Crops around the Abandoned Metal Mines

  • 권지철 (세종대학교 에너지자원공학과) ;
  • 정명채 (세종대학교 에너지자원공학과) ;
  • 강만희 (한국광해관리공단 광해기술연구소)
  • Kwon, Ji Cheol (Department of Energy and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Jung, Myung Chae (Department of Energy and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Kang, Man Hee (Institute of Mine Reclamation Technology, Mine Reclamation Corporation)
  • 투고 : 2013.06.28
  • 심사 : 2013.08.07
  • 발행 : 2013.08.28


이 연구는 국내 휴폐금속광산 주변의 논토양과 식물(벼)의 비소 오염과 계절적 변화를 고찰하고, 토양과 식물의 유기적 관계규명을 위해 토양시료를 왕수, 1 M $MgCl_2$, 0.01 M $CaCl_2$ 및 0.05 M EDTA 등 다양한 추출제로 전처리하여 비소를 분석하였다. 화학분해 방법에 따른 함량 변화는 통계적으로 유의한 양의 상관관계를 보이며(p<0.01), 1 M $MgCl_2$ >0.01 M $CaCl_2$ >0.05 M EDTA 순으로 나타났다. 벼줄기의 생물학적 농축계수는 산화환경보다 환원환경에서 높았으며, 백미시료에서는 농축계수가 0.02로 낮게 나타났다. 농가의 1일 평균 쌀소비량인 315 g을 적용하여 세계보건기구의 미량원소 1일 섭취 최대허용량과 비교한 결과 농가에서는 65%의 높은 섭취량을 보여, 이들 쌀 소비에 의한 비소의 인체섭취도에 중요한 역할을 하고 있음을 확인하였다.


화학적 추출법;농경지토양;작물(벼);계절적 변화;1일 섭취량


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