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Contents and Seasonal Variations of Arsenic in Paddy Soils and Rice Crops around the Abandoned Metal Mines

폐금속광산 주변 논토양 및 벼작물의 비소함량과 계절적 변화

  • Kwon, Ji Cheol (Department of Energy and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Jung, Myung Chae (Department of Energy and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Kang, Man Hee (Institute of Mine Reclamation Technology, Mine Reclamation Corporation)
  • 권지철 (세종대학교 에너지자원공학과) ;
  • 정명채 (세종대학교 에너지자원공학과) ;
  • 강만희 (한국광해관리공단 광해기술연구소)
  • Received : 2013.06.28
  • Accepted : 2013.08.07
  • Published : 2013.08.28

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the contents and seasonal variation of arsenic in soils and crop plant(rice) in paddy fields around the abandoned metal mines in Korea. The soils were extracted by various methods including aqua regia, 1 M $MgCl_2$, 0.01 M $CaCl_2$ and 0.05 M EDTA to evaluate the relationships between soils and crop plants(rice). According to correlation analysis, statistically significant correlation with the four methods(p<0.01) were found in soils extracted by various chemical solutions and arsenic contents in soils were decreased in the order of 1M $MgCl_2$ > 0.01M $CaCl_2$ > 0.05 M EDTA. Biological accumulation coefficients(BACs) of rice stalks were higher than those of rice grain, and the coefficients under reducing(August) environment were higher than those under oxidizing conditions(October). Assuming the rice consumption of 315 g/day by farm households in Korea, the amount of daily intake of arsenic were estimated to be 77.8 ${\mu}g/day$. The daily intake of arsenic from the rice estimates up to 65% of ADI(acceptable daily intake) that the FAO/WHO Joint Food Additive and Contaminants Committee has set to evaluate their safeties.

Keywords

chemical extractions;paddy field;crop plant(rice);seasonal variation;daily intake

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