DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Comparison of the Characteristics of Seed Germination and the First Stage of Growth in Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.) by Different Light Conditions

광조건별 백수오의 종자 발아 특성 및 초기생육 비교

  • Yoo, Ji Hye (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Seong, Eun Soo (Bioherb Research Institute, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Jae Geun (Bioherb Research Institute, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Chul Joong (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Choi, Jae Hoo (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Gi Hye (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Hwang, In Seong (Plant Protection Institute) ;
  • Hwang, Eun Bee (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lim, Jung Dae (Department of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ahn, Young Sup (Department of Herbal Crop Research, NIHHS, RDA) ;
  • Park, Chung Berm (Department of Herbal Crop Research, NIHHS, RDA) ;
  • Yu, Chang Yeon (Department of Applied Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kangwon National University)
  • 유지혜 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과) ;
  • 성은수 (강원대학교 한방바이오연구소) ;
  • 이재근 (강원대학교 한방바이오연구소) ;
  • 김철중 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과) ;
  • 최재후 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과) ;
  • 이기혜 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과) ;
  • 황인성 ((주)식물보호연구소) ;
  • 황은비 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과) ;
  • 임정대 (강원대학교 생약자원개발학과) ;
  • 안영섭 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 인삼특작부) ;
  • 박충범 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 인삼특작부) ;
  • 유창연 (강원대학교 식물자원응용공학과)
  • Received : 2013.08.05
  • Accepted : 2013.08.20
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare the characteristics of seed germination and the first stage of growth in Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.) by different light conditions such ass fluorescent light, dark and light emitting diode (LED). There was not much difference from the germination rate of C. wilfordii (Maxim.) in different light conditions for 10 days. The highest of germination rate occurred over 91.11 percentage by LED red condition at $26^{\circ}C$. Also mean germination velocity and promptness index were represented the highest results of 2.3 ea/day and 52.67 under red light, respectively. But mean germination time under both LED red and blue light was represented low data that it takes over three days for germinating of seed. Even though handling both LED red and blue lights, the germination uniformity was not constant. These results may help our understanding of variations in germination characteristics for C. wilfordii (Maxim.) seeds treated under different light conditions.

Keywords

Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.);Germination Rate;Germination Velocity;LED;Light Condition

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Bewley JD and Black M. (1982). Seed : Physiology of development and germination(2nd ed.). Plenum Press. New York City. New York, USA. p.60-198.
  2. Cho JY, Son DM, Kim JM, Seo BS, Yang SY, Kim BW and Heo BG. (2008). Effect of various LEDs on the seed germination, growth and physiological activities of rape(Brassica napus) sprout vegetable. Korean Journal of Plant Resources. 21:304-309.
  3. Choi IS, Son SY, Cho JT, Park JS, Han DH and Chung IM. (1996). Effect of seeding date on the growth and yield of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsly. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 4:114-118.
  4. Choi IS. (1998). Effects of seedling ages on growth and yield of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsly. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 6:121-125.
  5. Dennis JF. (1995). Dormancy : Manifestations and causes. In Pessarakli M. (ed.). Handbook of plant and crop physiology. CRC Press. New York, USA. p.437-459.
  6. Hwang HJ, Lee JM, Kim SY and Choi GW. (2008). Seed germination in lettuce affected by light quality and plant growth regulators. Journal of Bio-Environment Control. 17:51-59.
  7. Hwang IS, Yoo JH, Seong ES, Lee JG, Kim HY, Kim NJ, Lee JD, Ham JK, Ahn YS, Kim NY and Yu CY. (2012). The effect of temperature and seed soaking on germination in Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.) Hemsl. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 20:136-139. https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2012.20.2.136
  8. Jeon SH, Son D, Ryu YS, Kim SH, Chung JI, Kim MC and Shim SI. (2010). Effect of presowing seed treatments on germination and seedling emergence in Taraxacum platycarpum. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 18:9-14.
  9. Kim MJ, Kim IJ, Nam SY, Lee CH and Song BH. (2002). Effects of sowing method and planting density on growth and root yield of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsly. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 47:418-421.
  10. Kim MJ, Song BH, Nam SY, Kim IJ, Lee CH and Yun T. (2005). Effects of nonsupporting methods on growth and yield of Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 13:268-272.
  11. Kwack BH and Kang H. (1985). Effects of specific light qualities on the seed germination of Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Journal of the Korean Society for Horticulture Science. 26:158-162.
  12. Meng XC, Xing T and Wang XJ. (2004). The role of light in the regulation of anthocyanin accumulation in Gerbera hybrida. Plant Growth Regulation. 44:243-250. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-004-4454-6
  13. Moreira SMH and Debergh PC. (1997). The effect of light quality on the morphogenesis of in vitro cultures of Azorina vidalii (Wats.) Feer. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 51:187-193. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005988621036
  14. Park JY, Yoo CH, Lee IH, Hong SH and Cha JM. (2008). Effect of broccoli sprouts germination by soaking water condition. Korean Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 23:551-553.
  15. Shin KS, Murthy HN, Heo JW, Hahn EJ and Paek KY. (2008). The effect of light quality on the growth and development of in vitro cultured Doritaenopsis plants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. 30:339-343. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-007-0128-0
  16. Yoo JH, Hwang IS, Seong ES, Lee JG, Kim HY, Kim NJ, Lim JD, Ham JK, Ahn YS and Yu CY. (2012). The germination characteristics of Rheum undulatum L. seeds in treatment conditions. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 20:393-397. https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2012.20.5.393

Cited by

  1. Growth and Root Development Characteristics of Atractylodes japonica Seedlings by Different Relative Light Intensity vol.22, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2014.22.2.154
  2. Comparison of Growth and Leaf Characteristics of Parasenecio firmus by Different Relative Light Intensity in Forest Farming vol.22, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2014.22.4.295
  3. Characteristics of Growth and Root Development of Peucedanum japonicum Seedling by Shading Rate and Container Size vol.22, pp.5, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2014.22.5.384
  4. Growth and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Atractylodes japonica by Light Controls and Leaf Mold Treatment in Forest Farming vol.23, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2015.23.2.161